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This report describes the presence of reactive microglia, the accumulation of extracellular melanin, and the extensive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of monkeys administered 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) 5 to 14 years before death. This evidence of chronic neuroinflammation years after MPTP exposure is similar to(More)
AIMS Gambling excitement is believed to be associated with biological measures of pathological gambling. Here, we tested the hypothesis that dopamine release would be associated with increased excitement levels in Pathological Gamblers compared with Healthy Controls. DESIGN Pathological Gamblers and Healthy Controls were experimentally compared in a(More)
The dopamine system is believed to affect gambling behavior in pathological gambling. Particularly, dopamine release in the ventral striatum appears to affect decision-making in the disorder. This study investigated dopamine release in the ventral striatum in relation to gambling performance on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in 16 Pathological Gamblers (PG)(More)
Studies showed that the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT) modulates changes in levodopa-derived synaptic dopamine levels (Delta(DA)) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we evaluate the relationship between DAT and Delta(DA) in the 6-hydroxydopamine model of Parkinson's disease to investigate these mechanisms as a function of dopaminergic denervation and in(More)
The rapidly rising prevalence and cost of Alzheimer's disease in recent decades has made the imaging of amyloid-β deposits the focus of intense research. Several amyloid imaging probes with purported specificity for amyloid-β plaques are currently at various stages of FDA approval. However, a number of factors appear to preclude these probes from clinical(More)
UNLABELLED Dopamine transporter (DAT) function is altered by many neurodegenerative diseases. For instance, in Parkinson disease DAT density has been shown to decrease in early disease and to play a role in the occurrence of motor complications. DAT is thus an important imaging target with potential therapeutic relevance in humans and animal models of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, resulting from progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). Neuroprotective therapies in PD are still not available, perhaps because animal models do not imitate the chronic and progressive nature of the clinical state of PD. To address this, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging shows age-related decline of ligand binding in the normal striatum, a decline attributed to regulatory changes. We investigated if similar changes occur in the striatum of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, using PET and [(18)F]FP-CIT, a ligand for DAT. METHODS We performed [(18)F]FP-CIT PET in 39 drug-naïve,(More)
We earlier reported an anomalous 50% decrease in [(11)C]N-methylspiperone ([(11)C]NMSP) binding to dopamine D(2)-like receptors in living pig striatum after challenge with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy"), suggesting either (1) a species peculiarity in the vulnerability of butyrophenone binding to competition from dopamine or (2) a novel(More)
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