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1. Individual neurons were recorded extracellularly in the precentral forelimb area of two monkeys trained to perform rapid, large amplitude flexion and extension movements of the contralateral forearm in response to auditory signals. Electromyographic (EMG) activity in the biceps/triceps muscles was recorded separately under the same conditions. The(More)
Using MRI and PET, we investigated the consequences of manganese intoxication in a primate model of parkinsonism and dystonia. Three rhesus monkeys were injected intravenously with doses of 10 to 14 mg/kg of MnCl2 on seven occasions, each a week apart. Two animals became hypoactive with abnormal extended posturing in the hind limbs. These motor disturbances(More)
Movement parameters and electromyographic (EMG) studies were carried out in two macaque monkeys performing a rapid arm movement before and after administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Hypokinesia and rigidity were seen after repeated doses. Disturbances in both movements and EMG activity were similar to those reported in(More)
The decarboxylation of 6-[(18)F]fluorodopa (FDOPA) and retention of the product [(18)F]fluorodopamine within vesicles of catecholamine fibers results in the labeling of dopamine-rich brain regions during FDOPA/PET studies. However, this metabolic trapping is not irreversible due to the eventual diffusion of [(18)F]fluorodopamine metabolites from brain.(More)
This report describes the presence of reactive microglia, the accumulation of extracellular melanin, and the extensive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of monkeys administered 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) 5 to 14 years before death. This evidence of chronic neuroinflammation years after MPTP exposure is similar to(More)
Presynaptic dopamine metabolism was studied in a group of patients with schizophrenia and in an age- and gender-matched normal control group using 6-[(18)F]fluoro-L-DOPA ((18)F-DOPA) and positron emission tomography (PET). Nineteen patients, nine drug-free, 10 on neuroleptics, and 13 normal control subjects underwent PET scans using (18)F-DOPA. The(More)
Positron emission tomography was performed on 12 Alzheimer's patients and 12 age-matched normal controls following the administration of the opiate receptor antagonist 6-deoxy-6-beta-[18F]fluoronaltrexone (cyclofoxy, CF). Tracer kinetic analysis was used to determine the volume of distribution of CF, a measure of unoccupied mu and kappa receptor density,(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) is an important second messenger involved in signal transduction mediated by phospholipase A2. The goal of this study was to establish an in vivo quantitative method to examine the role of AA in this signaling process in the human brain. A simple irreversible uptake model was derived from rat studies and modified for positron emission(More)
Human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells are dopaminergic support cells in the neural retina. Stereotaxic intrastriatal implantation of hRPE cells attached to gelatin microcarriers (Spheramine) in rodent and non-human primate models of Parkinson's disease (PD) produces long term amelioration of motor and behavioral deficits, with histological and PET(More)
UNLABELLED The reproducibility of (+/-)-alpha-[11C] dihydrotetrabenazine (DTBZ) measures in PET was studied in 10 healthy human subjects, aged 22-76 y. METHODS The scan-to-scan variation of several measures used in PET data analysis was determined, including the radioactivity ratio (target-to-reference), plasma-input Logan total distribution volume (DV),(More)