Doris B. Tse

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A common pathological finding in autism is a localized deficit in Purkinje cells (PCs). Cerebellar abnormalities have also been reported in schizophrenia. Using a mouse model that exploits a known risk factor for these disorders, maternal infection, we asked if the offspring of pregnant mice given a mid-gestation respiratory infection have cerebellar(More)
Increased exposure to air pollutants such as diesel exhaust particles (DEP) has been proposed as one mechanism to explain the rise in allergic disorders. However, the immunologic mechanisms by which DEP enhance allergic sensitization and asthma remain unclear. We hypothesized that DEP act as an adjuvant for immature dendritic cell (DC) maturation via its(More)
HIV-1 replication is markedly upregulated in alveolar macrophages (AM) during pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). This is associated with loss of an inhibitory CCAAT enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) transcription factor and activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. Since the cellular immune response in pulmonary TB requires lymphocyte--macrophage(More)
Some individuals remain uninfected with human immunodeficiency virus type–1 (HIV–1) despite multiple high–risk sexual exposures. We studied a cohort of 25 subjects with histories of multiple high–risk sexual exposures to HIV–1 and found that their CD8+ lymphocytes had greater anti–HIV–1 activity than did CD8+; lymphocytes from nonexposed controls. Further(More)
SETTING Recent data suggest that interferon-gamma release assays may have reduced sensitivity in children. OBJECTIVE To explore the cellular responses in children infected with tuberculosis (TB) to different mycobacterial antigens, including the peptides used in the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) assay. DESIGN Cytokines were measured by multiplex(More)
CD4 and T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) comodulate from the surface of human and murine T cells following exposure to monoclonal anti-CD4 or anti-TCR. This comodulation may occur because expression of CD4 and TCR is regulated by similar transmembrane signals or because CD4 and TCR are physically associated. To study multimolecular assemblies on the plasma(More)
Sepsis induces an early inflammatory cascade initiated by the innate immune response. This often results in the development of multisystem organ failure. We examined the role of CD40, a costimulatory molecule that is integral in adaptive immunity, by using a murine model of polymicrobial sepsis. CD40 knockout (KO) mice had delayed death and improved(More)
Opportunistic infections such as pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) increase local HIV-1 replication and mutation. As AIDS progresses, alteration of the HIV-1 gp120 V3 sequence is associated with a shift in viral coreceptor use from CCR5 (CD195) to CXCR4 (CD184). To better understand the effect of HIV/TB coinfection, we screened transcripts from bronchoalveolar(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that in comparison with those with shorter risk duration, individuals with longer HIV risk duration would have reduced susceptibility to HIV-1 infection as measured by CCR5 expression, and to evaluate whether variation in CCR5 expression could be explained by known genetic polymorphisms. DESIGN AND METHODS A(More)
Human exposure to air pollutants, including ambient particulate matter, has been proposed as a mechanism for the rise in allergic disorders. Diesel exhaust particles, a major component of ambient particulate matter, induce sensitization to neoallergens, but the mechanisms by which sensitization occur remain unclear. We show that diesel exhaust particles(More)