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EGFRvIII is a mutant epidermal growth factor that promotes aggressive growth of glioblastomas. We made a plasmid that directed the expression of an EGFRvIII with three copies of the Flag epitope at its amino terminus. Flag-tagged EGFRvIII was expressed at the same levels as unmodified EGFRvIII, and showed the same subcellular localization. However, the Flag(More)
Senescence is an irreversible growth arrest phenotype adopted by cells that has a key role in protecting organisms from cancer. There is now considerable interest in therapeutic strategies that reactivate this process to control the growth of cancer cells. Protein kinase-Cι (PKCι) is a member of the atypical PKC family and an important downstream mediator(More)
Bi-allelic-inactivating mutations of the VHL tumor suppressor gene are found in the majority of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (VHL(-/-) RCC). VHL(-/-) RCC cells overproduce hypoxia-inducible genes as a consequence of constitutive, oxygen-independent activation of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF). While HIF activation explains the highly vascularized nature(More)
PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) appears to play an important role in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. We have performed a Phase I/II study of the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor ZD1839 in metastatic colorectal cancer patients in which serial biopsies were taken pre- and posttreatment to assess biological activity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is an aggressive form of brain cancer that responds poorly to chemotherapy and is generally incurable. The basis for the poor response of this cancer to chemotherapy is not well understood. The atypical protein kinases C (PKCiota and PKCzeta) have previously been implicated in leukaemia cell chemoresistance. To assess the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma is one of the deadliest forms of cancer, in part because of its highly invasive nature. The tumor suppressor PTEN is frequently mutated in glioblastoma and is known to contribute to the invasive phenotype. However the downstream events that promote invasion are not fully understood. PTEN loss leads to activation of the atypical(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most aggressive form of primary brain tumor and remains largely incurable, in large part, due to its highly invasive nature. The phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase pathway is often constitutively active in these tumors due to activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor, or deletion/loss of function of the tumor(More)
PURPOSE To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), the dose limiting toxicity (DLT), the biological active (BA) dose and the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor ZD1839 (Iressa) when administered continuously as a once daily dose in patients with advanced, incurable solid tumours. PATIENTS AND(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is an aggressive and incurable type of brain tumor. A subset of undifferentiated glioblastoma cells, known as glioblastoma tumor initiating cells (GTICs), has an essential role in the malignancy of this disease and also appears to mediate resistance to radiation therapy and chemotherapy. GTICs retain the ability to differentiate into(More)
Cellular senescence is a tumor suppressor mechanism where cells enter a permanent growth arrest following cellular stress. Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is induced in non-malignant cells following the expression of an oncogene or inactivation of a tumor suppressor. Previously, we have shown that protein kinase C iota (PKCι) depletion induces cellular(More)