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Endothelial cell migration is a critical event during angiogenesis, and inhibitors of cell motility can affect the angiogenic process. Paclitaxel (Taxol(R)), a microtubule-stabilizing antineoplastic cytotoxic drug, inhibits motility and invasiveness of several cell types. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of paclitaxel on endothelial cell(More)
This study investigated the functional interplay between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and metalloproteinases (MMPs) in ovarian carcinomas. Levels of MMP9 (pro and activated form) and proMMP2 in ascites correlated with VEGF and with the ascitic volume in nude mice bearing human ovarian carcinoma xenografts (HOC22 and HOC8). The MMP inhibitor(More)
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP) inhibits the angiogenic activity of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Here we address the hypothesis of a direct interaction between TSP and bFGF. Gel permeation chromatography and cross-linking experiments demonstrated that bFGF binds to TSP in solution. bFGF also bound to immobilized TSP in a solid-phase assay. Binding was(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of matrix metalloproteinases in angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis is well known. However, little is known about the role of matrix metalloproteinases in the formation of hemangiomas and about the possible therapeutic use of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors in aggressive vascular tumors. PURPOSE To study the role of(More)
We measured the levels of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinases type 2 and type 9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase 1 and 2 (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) in the plasma of patients with ovarian carcinoma (n=40), in other gynaecological pathologies (n=30) and in the plasma of healthy volunteers(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) regulate each other, contributing to tumor progression. We have previously reported that MMP9 induces the release of tumor VEGF, promoting ascites formation in human ovarian carcinoma xenografts. The aim of this study was to investigate whether tumor-derived VEGF regulated the(More)
Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are a family of structurally related enzymes that are capable of degrading proteins of the extracellular matrix. These enzymes play a role in tissue remodelling associated with both physiological and pathogenic processes. A high expression of MMPs is associated with cancer malignancy: it is related to the tumor's ability to(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the antiangiogenic properties of 17-(dimethylaminoethylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG; NSC707545), a water-soluble benzoquinone ansamycin. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The activity of 17-DMAG, in vivo, was evaluated for inhibition of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2-induced angiogenesis in s.c.(More)
The effect of paclitaxel on the adhesive and motility properties of human ovarian carcinoma cell lines was investigated. Paclitaxel significantly inhibited the motility of OVCAR 5, SK-OV-3, and HOC-1OTC ovarian carcinoma cell lines (IC50 = 2.1 x 10(-8), 2 x 10(-9), and 1.9 x 10(-8) m, respectively) but did not affect the adhesion of these cells to the(More)