Dorie Frank

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Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is an important mechanism for maintaining oxygenation, which may be altered by endotoxin. We determined that acute endotoxemia alters the HPV response secondary to changes in endothelium-derived vasoactive products. Rats were treated with Salmonella typhimurium lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 15 mg/kg i.p.) either 1 to 6 h(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent endogenous vasodilator produced in endothelial cells. Inhaled NO selectively vasodilates the pulmonary circulation. We determined the effects of chronic inhaled NO on hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling and endothelium NO-dependent and -independent vasodilation during normoxic and hypoxic conditions in rats. Rats were exposed(More)
In this study, involvement of peripheral AMPA receptors in mediating craniofacial muscle pain was investigated. AMPA receptor subunits, GluR1 and GluR2, were predominantly expressed in small to medium size neurons but more GluR2 positive labeling were encountered in trigeminal ganglia (TG) of male Sprague Dawley rats. A greater prevalence of GluR2 is(More)
We localized the sites of vasodilation of inhaled nitric oxide (NO), a selective pulmonary vasodilator, and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in isolated rat lungs. The sites were determined by analyzing the arterial, venous, and double-occlusion data with a two-resistor (small arteries and veins) three-capacitor (large arteries, large veins, and capillaries)(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) or endothelium-derived relaxing factor may play an important role in modulating pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), although previous studies have produced conflicting results. Endogenous NO inhibition causes an increase in PVR in intact animals but not in saline-perfused isolated lungs. We hypothesized that blood is essential for NO to(More)
UNLABELLED In concentrations of 10-20 ppm, inhaled nitric oxide (NO) decreases pulmonary artery pressure and attenuates vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertensive rats. Because NO is potentially toxic, it is important to know whether lower concentrations attenuate vascular remodeling produced by different etiologies. Therefore, we determined the effects(More)
Because the cells previously designated plasmacytoid T cells share major immunophenotypic features with cells of the mononuclear-phagocyte system, they have been re-named and are now known as plasmacytoid monocytes (PM). We describe a unique case of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with circulating PM. The patient, a 48-year-old man, presented initially with(More)
Dopamine receptors have been identified in many tissues including the kidney. To establish an in vitro system as a model for dopamine action, we studied the effect of dopamine (DA) receptor agonists and antagonists on adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) formation in opossum kidney (OK) cells. The stimulation of cAMP production in these cells by(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates the endogenous NO-cGMP pathway. We determined whether prolonged inhaled NO downregulates the NO-cGMP pathway, which may explain clinically observed rebound pulmonary hypertension. Rats were placed in a normoxic (N; 21% O2) or hypoxic (H; 10% O2) environment with and without inhaled NO (20 parts/million) for 1 or 3 wk.(More)
A new subset of natural killer (NK) cells was identified in human umbilical cord blood. This subset of CD56+/CD3- NK cells co-expressed the CD33 antigen, which is present on early hematopoietic progenitors confined to the myeloid lineage. The percentage of the CD56+/CD33+ cells among the CD56+/CD3- NK cells was 7.9 +/- 6.6% (n = 27) with a range of(More)