Doriano Cavallini

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An NAD(P)H-dependent reductase able to reduce a new class of cyclic unsaturated compounds named ketimines has been detected and purified 2500-fold from pig kidney. Some molecular and kinetic properties of this enzyme have been determined. The enzymatic reduction proceeds with a classical ping-pong mechanism and some results suggest that the true substrate(More)
We report the purification from bovine brain of an NAD(P)H-dependent reductase which actively reduces a new class of cyclic unsaturated compounds, named ketimines. Ketimines arise from the transamination of some sulphur-containing amino acids, such as L-cystathionine, S-aminoethyl-L-cysteine and L-lanthionine. The enzyme also reduces delta 1-piperidine(More)
A transaminase which catalyses the monodeamination of L-cystathionine was purified 1100-fold with a yield of 15% from bovine liver. The monoketoderivative of cystathionine spontaneously produces the cyclic ketimine. Other sulfur-containing amino acids related to cystathionine such as cystine, lanthionine and aminoethylcysteine were also substrates for the(More)
The natural sulfur compound aminoethylcysteine ketimine decarboxylated dimer (AECK dimer) has been investigated for its ability to act as peroxynitrite scavenger. It has been found that the product efficiently protects against the nitration of tyrosine and the inactivation of alpha1-antiproteinase by peroxynitrite. The tyrosine nitration can be completely(More)
Aminoethylcysteine, lanthionine, cystathionine and cystine are mono-deaminated either by L-amino-acid oxidase or by a transaminase exhibiting the properties described for glutamine transaminase. The deaminated products cyclize producing the respective ketimines. Authentic samples of each ketimine were prepared by reacting the appropriate aminothiol compound(More)
The prominent spontaneous reaction of aminoethylcysteine ketimine in the neutral pH range is the concentration-dependent dimerization (Hermann, 1961). The carboxylated dimer first produced loses the free carboxyl yielding the more stable decarboxylated dimer (named simply the dimer in this note). In the search for a possible biochemical activity of this(More)
2H-1,4-Thiazine-5,6-dihydro-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (trivial name: lanthionine ketimine) is a cyclic sulfur-containing imino acid detected in bovine brain extracts. This compound has been synthesized in a heavily labeled form starting from L-[35S]cysteine and purified by high performance liquid chromatography. We demonstrate the existence of a saturable and(More)
A transminase acting on cystathionine, S-aminoethylcysteine and glutamine has been purified to homogeneity from bovine brain by ammonium sulfate precipitation. DE-52 chromatography, octyl-Sepharose chromatography, hydroxylapatite chromatography and gel filtration. The enzyme was purified 4700 times over the bovine brain homogenate and the overall recovery(More)
The oxidation of cysteine (RSH) has been studied by using O2, ferricytochrome c (Cyt c) and nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) as electron acceptors. The addition of 200μM CuII to a solution of 2mM cysteine, pH 7.4, produces an absorbance with a peak at 260 nm and a shoulder at 300 nm. Generation of a cuprous bis-cysteine complex (RS-CuI-SR) is responsible for(More)