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Cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy is often mediated by overexpression of P-glycoprotein, a plasma membrane ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporter which extrudes cytotoxic drugs at the expense of ATP hydrolysis. P-glycoprotein (ABCB1, according to the human gene nomenclature committee) consists of two homologous halves each containing a transmembrane(More)
Multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family. It is able to transport a broad range of anticancer drugs through cellular membranes, thus limiting their antiproliferative action. Since its discovery in 1992, MRP1 has been the most studied among MRP proteins, which now count nine members. Besides the(More)
The engulfment of dying cells is a specialized form of phagocytosis that is extremely conserved across evolution. In the worm, it is genetically controlled by two parallel pathways, which are only partially reconstituted in mammals. We focused on the recapitulation of the CED-1 defined pathway in mammalian systems. We first explored and validated MEGF10, a(More)
Recombinant nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) from human multidrug resistance protein MRP1 were overexpressed in bacteria and purified to measure their direct interaction with high-affinity flavonoids, and to evaluate a potential correlation with inhibition of MRP1-mediated transport activity and reversion of cellular multidrug resistance. Among different(More)
This study demonstrates that verapamil and a newly synthesized verapamil derivative, NMeOHI(2), behave as apoptogens in multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1)-expressing cells. When treated with either verapamil or NMeOHI(2), surprisingly, baby hamster kidney-21 (BHK) cells transfected with human MRP1 were killed. Because parental BHK cells were not, as well(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a peroxisomal disorder caused by mutations in the ABCD1 (ALD) gene. The ABCD2 gene, its closest homolog, has been shown to compensate for ABCD1 deficiency when overexpressed. We previously demonstrated that the ABCD2 promoter contains a functional thyroid hormone response element. Thyroid hormone (T3) through its(More)
Fatty acids are known to serve as energetic substrates, key components of membrane lipids, and as substrates for the synthesis of signaling molecules and complex lipids. They are also known to be ligands either of membrane receptors involved in cell signaling or of nuclear receptors mediating gene regulation. Accumulation of fatty acids due to altered(More)
In some neurodegenerative disorders (leukodystrophies) characterized by myelin alterations, the defect of peroxisomal functions on myelin-producing cells (oligodendrocytes) are poorly understood. The development of in vitro models is fundamental to understanding the physiopathogenesis of these diseases. We characterized two immortalized murine(More)
BACKGROUND It has long been assumed that newly absorbed vitamin A and E enter the body only via enterocyte-produced chylomicrons. However, recent results in cell cultures have shown that a fraction of alpha-tocopherol is secreted with intestinal HDL. OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to identify this transporter and to assess whether it is(More)
The ABCA1 transporter is the prototype of the A class of mammalian adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters and one of the largest members of this family. ABCA1 has been originally identified as an engulfment receptor on macrophages and, more recently, it has been shown to play an essential role in the handling of cellular lipids. Indeed by(More)