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The engulfment of dying cells is a specialized form of phagocytosis that is extremely conserved across evolution. In the worm, it is genetically controlled by two parallel pathways, which are only partially reconstituted in mammals. We focused on the recapitulation of the CED-1 defined pathway in mammalian systems. We first explored and validated MEGF10, a(More)
This study demonstrates that verapamil and a newly synthesized verapamil derivative, NMeOHI(2), behave as apoptogens in multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1)-expressing cells. When treated with either verapamil or NMeOHI(2), surprisingly, baby hamster kidney-21 (BHK) cells transfected with human MRP1 were killed. Because parental BHK cells were not, as well(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a peroxisomal disorder caused by mutations in the ABCD1 (ALD) gene. The ABCD2 gene, its closest homolog, has been shown to compensate for ABCD1 deficiency when overexpressed. We previously demonstrated that the ABCD2 promoter contains a functional thyroid hormone response element. Thyroid hormone (T3) through its(More)
Background: It has long been assumed that newly absorbed vitamin A and E enter the body only via enterocyte-produced chylomi-crons. However, recent results in cell cultures have shown that a fraction of a-tocopherol is secreted with intestinal HDL. Objectives: The aims of this study were to identify this transporter and to assess whether it is significantly(More)
Fluorescence resonance energy transfer and native PAGE analytical techniques were employed to assess the quaternary structure of ABCA1, an ATP binding cassette transporter playing a crucial role in cellular lipid handling. These experimental approaches support the conclusion that ABCA1 is associated in dimeric structures that undergo transition into higher(More)
In some neurodegenerative disorders (leukodystrophies) characterized by myelin alterations, the defect of peroxisomal functions on myelin-producing cells (oligodendrocytes) are poorly understood. The development of in vitro models is fundamental to understanding the physiopathogenesis of these diseases. We characterized two immortalized murine(More)
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