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Transient receptor potential (TRP) genes encode a family of related ion-channel subunits. This family consists of cation-selective, calcium-permeable channels that include a group of vanilloid receptor channels (TRPV) implicated in pain and inflammation. These channels are activated by diverse stimuli, including capsaicin, lipids, membrane deformation,(More)
BACKGROUND Aldolases are carbon bond-forming enzymes that have long been identified as useful tools for the organic chemist. However, their utility is limited in part by their narrow substrate utilization. Site-directed mutagenesis of various enzymes to alter their specificity has been performed for many years, typically without the desired effect. More(More)
Cells newly transformed with plasmid R1162 DNA were used as donors in conjugal matings to determine if the plasmid replication genes are necessary for transfer. An intact system for vegetative replication is not required for transfer at normal frequency, but the plasmid primase, in the form linked to the nickase, must be present in donor cells.
The broad-host-range plasmid R1162 is conjugally mobilized at high frequency by the IncP-1 plasmid R751 but is poorly mobilized by pOX38, a derivative of the F factor. In both cases, the origin of transfer (oriT) and the Mob proteins of R1162 are required, indicating that these plasmids are mobilized by similar mechanisms. R1162 encodes a primase, essential(More)
Strand-replacement synthesis during conjugative mating has been characterized by introducing into donor cells R1162 plasmid DNA containing a base-pair mismatch. Conjugative synthesis in donors occurs in the absence of vegetative plasmid replication, but with a lag between rounds of transfer, and with most strands being initiated at the normal site within(More)
To gain insight into the interactions between transcriptional factor proteins and DNA, the DNA-reactive drugs (+)-CC-1065 and pluramycin were used to target specific protein-DNA complexes. The structural features of the complex between the transcriptional activator Sp1 and the 21-base-pair repeat of the early promoter region of SV40 DNA were examined using(More)
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