Learn More
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence supports n-3 fatty acid (FA) supplementation for patients with psychiatric disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, the exact metabolic fate of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on different glyceride carriers remains unclear. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether(More)
We recently demonstrated that elevation of intracellular glucosylceramide (GlcCer) levels results in increased functional Ca2+ stores in cultured neurons, and suggested that this may be due to modulation of ryanodine receptors (RyaRs) by GlcCer (Korkotian, E., Schwarz, A., Pelled, D., Schwarzmann, G., Segal, M. and Futerman, A. H. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274,(More)
Antibodies to the glutamate/AMPA receptor subunit 3 (GluR3), are found in a human epilepsy, Rasmussen's encephalitis [RE], and were hypothesized as the major cause for the neuronal loss, chronic inflammatory changes and epileptic seizures characteristic of the disease. To establish the pathogenic potential and mechanism of action of such antibodies, we(More)
Gaucher disease is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by defective activity of the lysosomal enzyme, glucocerebrosidase, resulting in accumulation of the lipids, glucosylceramide (GlcCer), and glucosylsphingosine (GlcSph). Little is known about the mechanism leading from lipid accumulation to disease, particularly in the acute and subacute neuronopathic(More)
Gangliosides are found at high levels in neuronal tissues where they play a variety of important functions. In the gangliosidoses, gangliosides accumulate because of defective activity of the lysosomal proteins responsible for their degradation, usually resulting in a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease. However, the molecular mechanism(s) leading(More)
Gaucher disease is a glycosphingolipid storage disease caused by defects in the activity of the lysosomal hydrolase, glucocerebrosidase (GlcCerase), resulting in accumulation of glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide, GlcCer) in lysosomes. The acute neuronopathic type of the disease is characterized by severe loss of neurons in the central nervous system,(More)
Treatment of cultured hippocampal neurons with high concentrations of short-chain acyl ceramide derivatives, such as N-hexanoyl-D-sphingosine (C(6)-Cer), results in apoptotic cell death. We now show that death-associated protein (DAP) kinase plays an important role in mediating this effect. Upon incubation with C(6)-Cer, DAP kinase levels are elevated as(More)
Glucosylceramide (GlcCer) accumulates in the inherited metabolic disorder, Gaucher disease, because of the defective activity of lysosomal glucocerebrosidase. We previously demonstrated that upon GlcCer accumulation, cultured hippocampal neurons exhibit modified growth patterns, altered endoplasmic reticulum density, and altered calcium release from(More)
Sandhoff disease is a lysosomal storage disease in which ganglioside GM2 accumulates because of a defective beta-subunit of beta-hexosaminidase. This disease is characterized by neurological manifestations, although the pathogenic mechanisms leading from GM2 accumulation to neuropathology are largely unknown. We now examine the viability, development and(More)
Phosphatidylserine (PS) extracted from bovine brain differs from transphosphatidylated soybean lecithin PS (SB-PS) in its n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) content. Both, however, were suggested to affect cognitive performance. We compared the effect of chronic administration of a novel n-3 LC-PUFA PS conjugates (n-3 PS) versus SB-PS, fish(More)