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We recently reported on three young patients with severe impairments of episodic memory resulting from brain injury sustained early in life. These findings have led us to hypothesize that such impairments might be a previously unrecognized consequence of perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic injury. Neuropsychological and quantitative magnetic resonance(More)
Children who have suffered extensive unilateral brain injury early in life may show a remarkable degree of residual sensorimotor function. It is generally believed that this reflects the high capacity of the immature brain for cerebral reorganization. In this study, we investigated 17 patients who had undergone hemispherectomy for relief from seizures;(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the 1H MRS findings in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who had no detectable abnormality on either qualitative or quantitative MRI. BACKGROUND Previous work has indicated that approximately 20% of patients with TLE remain MRI negative after extensive qualitative and quantitative investigation. Single-voxel 1H(More)
Two magnetic resonance imaging techniques, diffusion and perfusion imaging, are being used increasingly for evaluation of pathophysiology of stroke. This article introduces these techniques and reports some initial studies using these approaches, together with conventional T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, for investigation of childhood stroke. It is(More)
The importance of diffusion-weighted MRI in the assessment of acute stroke is well-recognized, and quantitative maps of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) are now widely used. Echoplanar imaging provides a robust method of acquiring diffusion-weighted images free of motion artifact. However, initial experience with clinical MRI systems indicates that(More)
Subject motion during diffusion-weighted interleaved echo-planar imaging causes k-space offsets which lead to irregular sampling in the phase-encode direction. For each image, the k-space shifts are monitored using 2D navigator echoes, and are shown to lead to a frequent violation of the Nyquist condition when an ungated sequence is used on seven subjects.(More)
Apparent diffusion coefficient maps of two patients with cyclosporine-induced neurotoxicity showed areas of increased diffusion that corresponded to the characteristic regions of signal change on routine T2-weighted sequences. The majority of lesions subsequently resolved without residual T2 or diffusion signal alteration. These findings suggest that, in(More)
Single-shot diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging (EPI) is typically used for most clinical diffusion studies due to its low sensitivity to patient motion. Although the Nyquist ghost artifact in EPI can be substantially reduced, there is frequently a residual ghost with low signal intensity. As reported in this study, this residual ghost can produce severe(More)
Determination of a D value for specific test organisms is a component of the efficacy evaluation of new contact lens disinfecting solutions. This parameter is commonly defined as the time required for the number of surviving microorganisms to decrease 1 logarithmic unit. The assumption made in establishing a D value is that the rate of kill exhibits(More)
We report the preliminary use of the readout segmentation of long variable echo trains(RESOLVE)sequence, a novel magnetic resonance(MR)scanning technique based on a readout segmented echo planar imaging(EPI)strategy. RESOLVE enables high-resolution diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI)by minimizing susceptibility distortions and T2* blurring. The software for(More)