Doretta Oliva

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The present study assessed whether two children with multiple disabilities could learn to successfully operate a special microswitch through vocalization responses so as to obtain environmental stimulation. The study was carried out using a non-concurrent multiple baseline design across individuals. The treatment phase of the second child started after he(More)
BACKGROUND The present study assessed the feasibility of (1) establishing multiple microswitches and responses (some of which had not been used before) with two children with multiple disabilities, and (2) maintaining such microswitches and responses in the children's daily contexts. METHODS The microswitches were introduced individually and then(More)
We examined the use of multiple microswitches to enhance different responses and environmental control with two boys with multiple disabilities. Four and three microswitches were used for the two boys, respectively. The microswitches were introduced individually. Once responding was established, two or three microswitches would be simultaneously available(More)
The first of these two studies extended preliminary evidence on the use of technology-based programs for enabling students with severe and profound multiple disabilities to choose and access environmental stimuli on their own. Each of the three participants had two microswitches linked to specific sets of stimuli through a computer system. The activation of(More)
Persons with multiple disabilities are often unable to interact with their environment due to their limited response repertoire. Microswitch programs are designed to help them control environmental events, generally preferred stimulation, through simple (feasible) responses. To make microswitch programs a more widely usable and relevant resource for(More)
PURPOSE This paper was to provide an overview of research studies aimed at increasing indices of happiness of persons with severe/profound intellectual and multiple disabilities. METHODS Computerized and manual searches were carried out to identify the studies published from 1990 to 2004 (i.e., the period during which the issues of quality fo life and(More)
This study assessed whether a boy with profound multiple disabilities and minimal motor behavior could learn to use a new response-microswitch combination to control environmental stimulation. The response selected was a chin movement; a mechanical microswitch was set up for this response. The boy learned to use the microswitch, increasing the frequency of(More)
Prior to the beginning of this study, the participant (an adolescent with postcoma multiple disabilities) had learned to use a forehead-skin response to access environmental stimuli. These learning data seemed to indicate a minimally conscious state (i.e., awareness of the link between response and stimuli) in spite of 1) a previous diagnosis of postcoma(More)
Background: To introduce a person with multiple disabilities to a microswitch-aided program, one has to select a plausible response(s), that is, a response(s) that can be performed reliably and without excessive effort by the person and can successfully activate the microswitch(es) available (producing preferred stimuli). This paper provides an overview of(More)
We adapted a grid into a microswitch for the hand movements of a girl with profound multiple disabilities who lay on her back. The grid, suspended above the girl's face, was equipped with two mercury devices, i.e., small sealed ampoules containing a mercury drop and ending with conductive leads. A lateral or forward movement of the grid would make the(More)