Doreen Pomplun

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Cytosolic sulphotransferases transfer the sulpho moiety from the cofactor 5'-phosphoadenosine-3'-phosphosulphate (PAPS) to nucleophilic groups of xenobiotics and small endogenous compounds (such as hormones and neurotransmitters). This reaction often leads to products that can be excreted readily. However, other sulpho conjugates are strong electrophiles(More)
Diabetes is caused by an absolute (type 1) or relative (type 2) deficiency of insulin-producing beta cells. We have disrupted expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin selectively in pancreatic beta cells. Mice were born healthy but subsequently developed impaired glucose tolerance progressing to overt diabetes mellitus. These observations were(More)
Nitrotoluenes, such as 2-nitrotoluene, 2,4-dinitrotoluene (24DNT), and 26DNT, are carcinogenic in animal experiments. Humans are exposed to such chemicals in the workplace and in the environment. It is therefore important to develop methods to biomonitor people exposed to nitrotoluenes to prevent the potential harmful effects. For the present study, workers(More)
Tissue-specific disruption of genes by targeted expression of Cre recombinase in insulin-producing cells has been widely used to explore pathways involved in regulation of pancreatic beta-cell mass. One particular line of transgenic mice [B6.Cg-Tg(Ins2-cre)25Mgn/J], commonly called RIP-Cre, in which the expression of Cre recombinase is controlled by a short(More)
Published evidence suggests that adiposity in humans may be linked to impaired energy expenditure for reasons widely unresolved. We have generated mice with a systemic impairment of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) due to aP2 cre-mediated targeted disruption, and unexpectedly ubiquitous reduction of mitochondrial frataxin protein expression. Only when(More)
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