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BACKGROUND Neurostimulation of the subthalamic nucleus reduces levodopa-related motor complications in advanced Parkinson's disease. We compared this treatment plus medication with medical management. METHODS In this randomized-pairs trial, we enrolled 156 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and severe motor symptoms. The primary end points were(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of the antibiotic minocycline as a drug treatment in patients with Multiple-System-Atrophy Parkinson-type (MSA-P). Sixty-three patients were randomized to minocycline 200 mg/d (n = 32) or a matching placebo (n = 31). The primary outcome variable was the change in the value of the motor score of the(More)
Declarative memory has been reported to rely on the medial temporal lobe system, whereas non-declarative memory depends on basal ganglia structures. We investigated the functional role of the subthalamic nucleus (STN), a structure closely connected with the basal ganglia for both types of memory. Via deep brain high frequency stimulation (DBS) we(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) represents an established treatment option in a growing number of movement disorders. Recent case reports suggest beneficial effect of globus pallidus internus (GPi)-DBS in selected patients suffering from Huntington's disease with marked disabling chorea. We present a 41-year-old man with genetically confirmed HD following(More)
We aimed to investigate the accuracy of transcranial brain parenchyma sonography (TCS) for differentiation between idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET) in comparison to (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT (FP-CIT SPECT). Seventy-four patients, in whom PD or ET was suspected on the basis of clinical criteria, were analyzed. The echogenicity of the(More)
Bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) alleviates symptoms in patients with dystonia but its effects on cognition, neuropsychiatric status, and quality of life have not been examined. This is a case series report of 15 consecutive patients with different forms of dystonia who underwent bilateral implantation of DBS(More)
OBJECTIVE High-frequency stimulation of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) is a highly effective therapy in primary dystonia. Recent reports have also demonstrated almost immediate improvement of motor symptoms in patients with tardive dystonia after pallidal deep brain stimulation (DBS). Here, we show the long-term effect of continuous bilateral GPi DBS in(More)
Mixed dopaminergic medication, comprising dopamine agonists and levodopa, may affect habit-learning in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the specific impact of levodopa on this effect is unknown. We assessed habit-learning in 20 non-demented PD-patients both with and without levodopa. We observed intact habit-learning in PD-patients(More)
Extreme forward flexion of the spine, named camptocormia (CC), and head drop syndrome (HD) may be among the most disabling symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aims to eludicate the etiology of PD-associated CC and HD via a multidisciplinary approach (clinical examination, electromyography, MRI, genetic analysis, muscle morphology) centering on(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidus internus (GPi DBS) is effective in the treatment of primary segmental and generalized dystonia. Although limb, neck, or truncal dystonia are markedly improved, orofacial dystonia is ameliorated to a lesser extent. Nevertheless, several case reports and small cohort studies have described favorable short-term(More)