Doreen Fialho

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Mutations in the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG1) have recently been described in patients with diverse clinical presentations, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype in patients and their families. POLG1 was sequenced in patients from different European diagnostic and(More)
The non-dystrophic myotonias are an important group of skeletal muscle channelopathies electrophysiologically characterized by altered membrane excitability. Many distinct clinical phenotypes are now recognized and range in severity from severe neonatal myotonia with respiratory compromise through to milder late-onset myotonic muscle stiffness. Specific(More)
Periodic paralyses (PPs) are rare inherited channelopathies that manifest as abnormal, often potassium (K)-sensitive, muscle membrane excitability leading to episodic flaccid paralysis. Hypokalaemic (HypoPP) and hyperkalaemic PP and Andersen-Tawil syndrome are genetically heterogeneous. Over the past decade mutations in genes encoding three ion channels,(More)
The effect of intrastriatal administration of glutaric acid (GTR), a metabolite that accumulates in glutaric acidemia type I (GA-I), on the behavior of adult male rats was investigated. After cannula placing, rats received unilateral intrastriatal injections of GTR buffered to pH 7.4 with NaOH or NaCl. GTR induced rotational behavior toward the(More)
Rita Horvath, Gavin Hudson, Gianfrancesco Ferrari, Nancy Fütterer, Sofia Ahola, Eleonora Lamantea, Holger Prokisch, Hanns Lochmüller, Robert McFarland, V. Ramesh, Thomas Klopstock, Peter Freisinger, Fabrizio Salvi, Johannes A. Mayr, Rene Santer, Marketa Tesarova, Jiri Zeman, Bjarne Udd, Robert W. Taylor, Douglass Turnbull, Michael Hanna, Doreen Fialho, Anu(More)
Myotonia congenita (MC) is the commonest genetic skeletal muscle ion channelopathy. It is caused by mutations in CLCN1 on chromosome 7q35, which alter the function of the major skeletal muscle voltage-gated chloride channel. Dominant and recessive forms of the disease exist. We have undertaken a clinical, genetic and molecular expression study based upon a(More)
Rhabdomyolysis is often due to a combination of environmental trigger(s) and genetic predisposition; however, the underlying genetic cause remains elusive in many cases. Mutations in CAV3 lead to various neuromuscular phenotypes with partial overlap, including limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 1C (LGMD1C), rippling muscle disease, distal myopathy and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical and genetic features in a large cohort of UK patients with sodium channel paramyotonia congenita. METHODS We conducted a UK-wide clinical and molecular genetic study of patients presenting with a phenotype suggestive of paramyotonia congenita. RESULTS We identified 42 affected individuals (28 kindreds). All cases met our(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve the accuracy of genotype prediction and guide genetic testing in patients with muscle channelopathies we applied and refined specialized electrophysiological exercise test parameters. METHODS We studied 56 genetically confirmed patients and 65 controls using needle electromyography, the long exercise test, and short exercise tests at(More)
The authors sequenced POLG1, C10ORF2, and ANT1 in 38 sporadic progressive external ophthalmoplegia patients with multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions. Causative mutations were identified in approximately 10% of cases, with two unrelated individuals harboring a novel premature stop codon mutation (1356T>G). None had a mutation in C10ORF2 or ANT1. In(More)