Doreen Cleave-Hogg

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BACKGROUND The availability of simulator technology at the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) provided the opportunity to compare the efficacy of video-assisted and simulator-assisted learning. METHODS After ethics approval from the University of Toronto, all final-year medical students were invited to participate in the current randomized(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to determine whether or not breadth of clinical experience and student levels of confidence were indicators of competency on standardized simulator performance-based assessments. METHODS All students (n=144) attending an educational session were asked to complete a 25-point questionnaire regarding specific clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Research into adverse events in hospitalized patients suggests that a significant number are preventable. The purpose of this randomized, controlled study was to determine if simulation-based debriefing improved performance of practicing anaesthetists managing high-fidelity simulation scenarios. METHODS The anaesthetists were randomly allocated(More)
UNLABELLED In this study we sought to identify educational gaps in medical students' knowledge using human patient simulation. The Undergraduate Committee developed 10 scenarios based on anesthesia curriculum objectives. Checklists were designed by asking 15 faculty members involved in undergraduate education to propose expected performance items at a level(More)
BACKGROUND The authors wished to determine whether a simulator-based evaluation technique assessing clinical performance could demonstrate construct validity and determine the subjects' perception of realism of the evaluation process. METHODS Research ethics board approval and informed consent were obtained. Subjects were 33 university-based(More)
PURPOSE To gather information regarding the global use of simulation technology in education, evaluation and research in anesthesia. METHODS The WorldWide Web was searched and located sites with simulation centres (n = 158) were mailed a 67-item questionnaire requesting information regarding demographics, personnel, education use and research involvement.(More)
BACKGROUND Standardized scenarios can be used for performance assessments geared to the level of the learner. The purpose of this study was to validate checklists used for the assessments of medical students' performance using high-fidelity patient simulation. METHODS Our undergraduate committee designed 10 scenarios based on curriculum objectives.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW We provide an overview of the developments in medical education and assessment using high-fidelity simulation. Both descriptive and research papers recently published in the English language are included in this review. RECENT FINDINGS The majority of articles reviewed are descriptive in nature, outlining the use of simulation for(More)
PURPOSE To examine the validity and reliability of performance assessment of undergraduate students using the anesthesia simulator as an evaluation tool. METHODS After ethics approval and informed consent, 135 final year medical students and 5 elective students participated in a videotaped simulator scenario with a Link-Med Patient Simulator (CAE-Link(More)
The anesthesia computer-controlled patient simulator offers a valuable experiential learning experience for undergraduate medical students. The purpose of this study was to gather students' opinions of the simulator learning experiences and to study and analyze their comments regarding the nature of the learning. All fourth-year medical students were(More)