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The wild-type p53-induced phosphatase PPM1D (or Wip1) is a serine/threonine phosphatase that is transcriptionally upregulated by p53 following ultraviolet and ionizing radiation. PPM1D is an oncogene in transformation assays and is amplified or overexpressed in several human tumor types. Here, we demonstrate that PPM1D interacts with the nuclear isoform of(More)
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The contributions of O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase(MGMT), p53 status, mismatch repair, and apoptotic response to the resistance of glial tumors to temozolomide (TMZ) were tested using seven established human glial tumor cell lines in culture and xenografts in athymic mice. RESULTS Resistance to TMZ was only(More)
We compared the effects of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) sensory neurons to that of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3). All of these factors were retrogradely transported to subpopulations of sensory neuron cell bodies in the L4/ L5 DRG of neonatal(More)
The melanoma differentiation-associated gene (mda-7; approved gene symbol IL24) is a tumor suppressor gene whose protein expression in normal cells is restricted to the immune system and to melanocytes. Recent studies have shown that mda-7 gene transfer inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in melanoma, lung cancer, breast cancer, and other tumor types(More)
The melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7/IL24) is a unique member of the IL-10 family of cytokines, with ubiquitous tumor cell proapoptotic activity. Transduction of tumor or normal cells with the mda-7 gene results in secretion of glycosylated MDA-7 protein. Recent data indicate that secreted MDA-7 protein functions as a pro-Th1 cytokine and(More)
Bis-2-chloroethylnitrosourea (BCNU) or temozolomide (TMZ) were tested alone or in combination with the AGT inhibitors O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (dBG) or O6-benzylguanine (BG) against human glial tumor xenografts growing s.c. in athymic mice. Four glioblastoma (SWB77, SWB40, SWB39, and D-54) and one anaplastic oligodendroglioma (SWB61) xenografts having(More)
O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), a ubiquitous DNA repair protein, reverses mutagenic and cytotoxic effects of O(6)-alkylguanine in DNA induced by chemotherapeutic N-alkyl N-nitrosourea and procarbazine type drugs by dealkylating the adduct. MGMT expression is down-regulated by wild-type p53 (WTp53) in human tumor cells. Here we report that(More)
The melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7/IL-24) is a unique member of the interleukin 10 (IL-10) family of cytokines, with ubiquitous tumor cell pro-apoptotic activity. Recent data have shown that IL-24 is secreted as a glycosylated protein and functions as a pro-Th1 cytokine and as a potent anti-angiogenic molecule. In this study, we analyzed(More)
Current therapies used in the treatment of breast cancer are limited by systemic toxicity, rapid drug metabolism and intrinsic and acquired drug resistance. We have previously shown that adenoviral-mediated transfer of the melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7) elicits growth inhibition and apoptosis in various tumor types. Here, we evaluate the(More)
Adenovirus-mediated mda-7 (Ad-mda7) gene transfer has been shown to induce apoptosis in various human cancer cells while sparing normal cells. Vitamin E succinate (VES) is also known to exhibit antitumor activity against a number of human cancer cell lines. We hypothesized that a combination of the two agents would produce an enhanced antitumor effect in(More)