Doppalapudi S . Rupa

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In the present study 61 male pesticide applicators who worked in cotton fields and regularly sprayed pesticides such as DDT, BHC, endosulfan, malathion, methyl parathion, phosphamidon, dimethoate, monocrotophos, quinalphos fenvelrate, and cypermethrin were analyzed for sister chromatid exchanges, mitotic index, and cell cycle kinetics in peripheral(More)
Increased frequencies of structural and numerical chromosomal aberrations have been observed in the lymphocytes of benzene-exposed workers. Similar aberrations occurring in bone-marrow cells may contribute to the increased incidence of leukemia seen in these populations. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with chromosome-specific DNA probes is a relatively(More)
Benzene is a widely recognized human and animal carcinogen. In spite of considerable research, relatively little is known about the genotoxic events that accompany benzene exposure in vivo. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying the genotoxic effects of benzene, we have characterized the origin of the micronuclei that are formed in bone marrow(More)
Whole blood of 50 smokers who were exposed to pesticides was set up in RPMI 1640 medium, and observed for sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs), cell kinetics (CK) and mitotic index (MI). As controls, blood samples were collected from 20 non-smokers (control I) and 27 smokers (control II) who were not exposed to pesticides. A significant increase in SCEs was(More)
1. Twenty-five male workers occupationally exposed to DDT, BHC malathion, parathion, dimethoate, fenitrothion, urea and gromor were selected as subjects for the analysis of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) in peripheral lymphocytes. 2. Blood samples were collected from 30 normal healthy males from the same age group and(More)
Blood samples were collected from 50 smokers who were exposed to the pesticides DDT, BHC, endosulfan, malathion, methyl parathion, monocrotophos, quinolphos, dimethoate, phosphomidon, cypermethrin and fenvelrate. Samples were also collected from 20 non-smokers (control I) and 27 smokers (control II) who were unexposed to pesticides. Control II showed a(More)
A novel multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization approach, using an alpha satellite probe which labels the centromeric region on chromosome 1 and a classical satellite probe which targets an adjacent breakage-prone region (1q12), has been used to detect both hyperdiploidy and chromosome breakage in interphase human cells. With the use of this technique(More)
Data on reproductive histories were collected from 1016 couples in which the males were directly exposed to pesticides. For comparison data were collected from 1020 couples who were not exposed to pesticides and belong to the same socioeconomic group and age range. Statistical analysis revealed a significant decrease in fertile males and a significant(More)
Chromosomal aberrations, sister chromatid exchanges, mitotic index and cell kinetics were observed in human peripheral lymphocytes after treatment with four different concentrations (0.0125, 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1 μg/ml) of benzene hexachloride (BHC), an organochlorine pesticide. Cells were treated with BHC for 24, 48 and 72h. There was a dose-dependent(More)
This study was conducted to validate biomarkers for early detection of benzene exposure and effect in 2 phases. The main purpose of phase 1 was to determine whether these biomarkers could reliably detect differences between workers with high exposure levels and unexposed subjects, which is the minimal screening criterion for a biomarker assay. Phase 2 of(More)