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—In mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), there is frequently disconnected a route consisting of multi-hop from a source to a destination because of the dynamic nature such as the topology change caused by nodes' mobility. To overcome this situation, existing routing protocols for MANETs have performed route repair scheme to repair the disconnected route.(More)
—In heterogeneous cellular networks, the deployment of low-powered picocells provides user offloading and capacity enhancement. The expansion of a picocell's coverage by adding a positive bias for cell association can maximize these effects. Under this circumstance, downlink cross-tier interference from a macro base station to pico mobile stations in the(More)
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