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The germline CHEK2 1100delC mutation is a low penetrance breast cancer susceptibility allele, frequently observed in patient with family history of breast cancer and/or young age and the frequency varied according to race or ethnicity. In this study, we evaluated the significance of CHEK2 1100delC in predisposition to breast cancer by assessing its(More)
PURPOSE The authors evaluated the effects of multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf width (2.5 vs. 5 mm) on dosimetric parameters and delivery efficiencies of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) for head and neck (H&N) cancers. METHODS The authors employed two types of mock phantoms: large-sized head and neck(More)
PURPOSE The prevalence of BRCA-associated breast carcinoma in the Korean population has not been evaluated extensively. METHODS Sixty Korean women who developed breast cancer by age 40 years were studied. Lymphocyte specimens from peripheral blood were processed for BRCA1 and BRCA2 by complete sequencing. Family history through three generations was(More)
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in Asian females, and the incidence of breast cancer has been increasing in Asia. Because Asian patients develop breast cancer at a younger age than their Caucasian counterparts, the contributions of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) mutations in Asians are expected to be different than in Caucasians. The prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the clinical implications of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2 overexpression after adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). METHODS We reviewed 215 patients with DCIS who underwent breast-conserving surgery followed by RT. The association between HER-2 overexpression and ipsilateral breast tumor(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effect of internal mammary node irradiation (IMNI) on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients treated with modified radical mastectomy and postoperative radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between 1994 and 2002, 396 patients with stage II-III breast cancer were treated with postmastectomy(More)
This study sought to evaluate the differential effects of bladder distention on point A-based (AICBT) and three-dimensional conformal intracavitary brachytherapy (3D-ICBT) planning for cervical cancer. Two sets of CT scans were obtained for ten patients to evaluate the effect of bladder distention. After the first CT scan, with an empty bladder, a second(More)
Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) usually occurs late during the course of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical features and outcomes of LM based on breast cancer subtypes in conjunction with brain parenchymal metastases. A retrospective study was performed of breast cancer patients with LM, who received palliative management(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the relationship between BRCA mutations and the distribution of familial cancers other than breast or ovary in high-risk breast cancer patients. METHODS PATIENTS WITH BREAST CANCER WHO HAD AT LEAST ONE OF THE FOLLOWING RISK FACTORS WERE ENROLLED: reported family history of breast or ovarian cancer; 40 years of age or younger age at(More)
BACKGROUND Local chest wall recurrence after mastectomy occurs in 10-20% of patients with operable breast carcinoma. The objective of the current study was to assess the prognostic value of molecular markers at the time of local recurrence and to compare these markers with clinical variables. METHODS Between 1975 and 1999, the authors treated 113 patients(More)