Donough Regan

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An orientational difference of only 0.3-0.5 deg can be discriminated between two gratings or two lines, although psychophysical channels and cortical cells both have comparatively broad orientation bandwidths of 10-25 deg. One proposed explanation for the fineness of orientation discrimination is that, while detection is determined by the most excited(More)
We measured both the just-noticeable difference in time to collision (TTC) with an approaching object, and the absolute accuracy in estimating TTC in the following cases: only binocular information available; only monocular information available; both binocular and monocular information available as in the everyday situation. Observers could discriminate(More)
It is well known that, if a rigid sphere is moving at constant speed towards the eye along the line of sight then, for small values of theta, T = theta/theta, where T is the time to contact, theta is the instantaneous angular size and theta is the rate of increase of angular size. We describe a rationale and an experimental procedure for demonstrating(More)
We measured the accuracy with which subjects judged that a square or circle was perfectly symmetrical i.e. that aspect ratio (a/b) was exactly unity (where a and b were, respectively, the vertical and horizontal dimensions). Errors were remarkably small, ranging from 0.7 to 0.4% for the judgement of squareness and from 1.4 to < 0.1% for the judgement of(More)
Two binocular cues to the direction of an object's motion in depth are the ratio (phi R/phi L) between the velocities of the object's retinal images in the right and left eyes and the ratio (phi/gamma) between the velocity of the binocularly-fused image of the object and the rate of change of disparity. We report that the apparent direction of motion in(More)
Inspecting a target whose size oscillates about a constant mean value selectively depresses visual sensitivity to oscillating size. The effect transfers from positive to negative contrast and vice versa. This depression cannot be attributed to fatigued movement detectors. We propose that there are, in the human visual system, channels in which information(More)
This study investigated the relation between the perception of motion in depth and ocular vergence movements for a single foveally viewed dot, and for a 30 deg X 30 deg pattern of many dots. When the target's disparity was changed, it appeared to move in depth relative to stationary reference marks, but removing the reference marks completely abolished the(More)
The following psychophysical data were obtained from 13 patients with unilateral cerebral hemispheric lesions and 20 control subjects: speed thresholds for detecting and for recognizing motion-defined letters, speed thresholds for detecting coherent motion and for discriminating its direction, and visual acuity for recognizing letters of 96% and 11%(More)