Learn More
Recent studies suggest that endogenously generated nitric oxide (NO) may mediate the effects of cytokines in a variety of tissues. In an effort to determine whether NO generation mediates any of the intraovarian actions of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), we have looked for and characterized the accumulation of nitrite by IL-1 beta-treated, cultured whole(More)
We have previously demonstrated that interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), a putative intermediary in the ovulatory process, is a potent stimulator of ovarian PG biosynthesis. In this communication, we examine the possibility that this IL-1 effect reflects in part the induction of arachidonic acid mobilization by phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Molecular probing of(More)
By selecting for growth on testosterone or estradiol-17 beta as the only source of organic carbon, we have isolated a number of soil microorganisms which contain highly active and novel, inducible, NAD-linked 3 alpha-, 3 beta-, and 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases. Such enzymes are suitable for the microanalysis of steroids and of steroid-transforming(More)
Endothelins (ETs) are a family of vasoactive peptides that may be involved in granulosa cell (GC) luteinization or follicular maturation. However, the precise role of ET in ovarian physiology remains unknown. We have investigated whether the rat GC is a site of ET reception and have characterized the antigonadotropic effect of ET in cultured GC from(More)
Resident ovarian macrophages have long been recognized as potential in situ regulators of ovarian function, presumably through local paracrine secretion of regulatory molecules (i.e. cytokines). One such macrophage product, interleukin-1 (IL-1) has recently been shown to exert profound regulatory effects at the level of the ovarian granulosa cell. In this(More)
Acting alone or in concert with pituitary gonadotropins, catecholamines have recently been shown to enhance androgen production by ovarian theca-interstitial cells. It is the objective of the in vitro studies reported herein to further characterize this catecholaminergic activity as well as to type and subtype the putative adrenergic recognition sites(More)
Resident ovarian macrophages have been implicated in the regulation of ovarian function, presumably through local paracrine secretion of regulatory molecules (i.e. cytokines). One such macrophage product, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, has been shown to attenuate the gonadotropin-dependent differentiation of the somatic ovarian (estrogen-producing)(More)
Current views favor the notion that resident ovarian macrophages play an in situ role in the regulation of ovarian function through the local secretion of regulatory molecule(s) (i.e., cytokines). Herein we report on the potential ovarian relevance of one such macrophage product, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, a polypeptide capable of oncolytic as well(More)
The binding specificity of rat alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for a series of estrogen derivatives has been investigated and compared to that of the uterine cytosol estrogen receptor. In addition, several equilibrium and nonequilibrium binding techniques have been examined for their appropriateness in studying AFP-estrogen interactions under different experimental(More)
Endothelin (ET)-1, is a 21 amino acid vasoactive peptide subject to regulation by cellular oxygen tension. However, an increasing body of information now suggests that ET-1 is a multifunctional peptidergic regulator the actions of which are not limited to the vascular system. Although ET-1 has been shown to inhibit the gonadotropin-supported accumulation of(More)