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Reoxygenation of isolated rat cardiac myocytes following a period of hypoxia and substrate deprivation resulted in a 1.5-2-fold increase in the total Ca2+ content which could be inhibited by 1 microM antimycin A or ruthenium red (50% inhibition at 2.5 microM). This increase in Ca2+ content was not accompanied by any release of creatine kinase into the(More)
The amino acid sequence of the large cyanogen bromide fragment (residues 11 to 127) derived from the NH2-terminal half of alpha-tropomyosin has been determined. This was achieved by automatic sequence analysis of the whole fragment as well as manual sequencing of fragments derived from tryptic digestion of the maleylated fragment and thermolytic, Myxobacter(More)
BACKGROUND Considerable debate exists on the epidemiology of genital anomalies. METHODS All genital anomalies, excluding undescended testes, were identified from neonatal returns, stillbirth and infant death survey records, and returns relating to hospital admissions and linked to form infant profiles on a cohort of singleton births between 1988 and 1997(More)
Recent evidence suggests that Notch signaling may play a role in regulation of cancer stem cell (CSC) self-renewal and differentiation hence presenting a promising target for development of novel therapies for aggressive cancers such as triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). We generated Notch1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that specifically bind to the(More)
The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein by macrophages may be an important mechanism in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The human monocytic leukaemic cell line THP-1, when stimulated with phorbol ester, shares many properties with human monocyte-derived macrophages. Oxidation of LDL by these cells was characterised by depletion of(More)
It has been proposed that lipoxygenases, specifically 15-lipoxygenase, may play an important role in promoting the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the artery wall. It is well known that peroxides are unstable in the presence of transition metals, decomposing to form the alkoxy and peroxy radicals, and so initiating lipid peroxidation. To test(More)
An increase in mitochondrial matrix free calcium has been shown to occur during oxygen and substrate deprivation of the perfused heart which predisposes to calcium overload and inhibition of mitochondrial function on reoxygenation. In the current study we have assessed the effect of substrate free hypoxia on mitochondrial oxygen consumption and ATP(More)
Reperfusion or reoxygenation of ischaemic or hypoxic cardiac tissue results in increases in total cell calcium and cell lysis both of which are dependent on mitochondrial function. Although changes which occur during this period of exposure of the tissue to hypoxia predispose the heart to take up calcium on reoxygenation, the mechanisms involved are not(More)