Donna R. Yancey

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In this study, we investigated whether elimination of CD4+/CD25+ Tregs using the recombinant IL-2 diphtheria toxin conjugate DAB(389)IL-2 (also known as denileukin diftitox and ONTAK) is capable of enhancing the immunostimulatory efficacy of tumor RNA-transfected DC vaccines. We show that DAB(389)IL-2 is capable of selectively eliminating CD25-expressing(More)
Autologous dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with mRNA encoding prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are able to stimulate potent, T cell-mediated antitumor immune responses in vitro. A phase I trial was performed to evaluate this strategy for safety, feasibility, and efficacy to induce T cell responses against the self-protein PSA in patients with metastatic(More)
PURPOSE Tumor-induced immunosuppression remains a significant obstacle that limits the efficacy of biological therapy for renal cell carcinoma. Here we evaluate the role of CD33 myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in the regulation of T-cell responses in renal cell carcinoma patients. We also examine effect of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) on(More)
Autologous dendritic cells transfected with total renal tumor RNA have been shown to be potent stimulators of CTLs and antitumor immunity in vitro. A Phase I trial was conducted to evaluate this strategy for feasibility, safety, and efficacy to induce tumor-specific T-cell responses in subjects with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Renal tumor(More)
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) represents an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy because hTERT is reactivated in most human tumors. A clinical trial was initiated in which hTERT mRNA-transfected dendritic cells (DC) were administered to 20 patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Nine of these subjects received DC transfected with mRNA(More)
Polyvalent cancer vaccines targeting the entire antigenic spectrum on tumor cells may represent a superior therapeutic strategy for cancer patients than vaccines solely directed against single Ags. In this study, we show that autologous dendritic cells (DC) transfected with RNA amplified from microdissected tumor cells are capable of stimulating CTL against(More)
Although immunological tolerance to self Ags represents an important mechanism to prevent normal tissue injury, there is growing evidence that tolerance to tumor Ags, which often represent normal peripherally expressed proteins, is not absolute and can be effectively reverted. Prostate-specific Ag (PSA) is a self Ag expressed by both normal and malignant(More)
Molecular studies of bladder carcinomas have aided in determining causative genetic events and the prognosis of cancers endowed with certain abnormalities. In vitro bladder cancer characterization of key cytogenetic alterations is useful for study of molecular changes that may promote oncogenic events. In our laboratory, a novel human bladder cancer cell(More)
Although renal cell carcinoma has been shown to respond to immunotherapy, renal cell carcinoma-specific rejection antigens and their corresponding CTL epitopes have rarely been described. The use of dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with mRNA isolated from tumor cells may allow specific immunotherapy even in cancers for which potent rejection antigens have(More)