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We describe the cloning and characterization of a novel bone-specific cDNA predicted to encode an extracellular matrix protein. This cDNA was identified by subtractive hybridization based upon its high expression in bone marrow-derived osteoblasts. By Northern blot analysis, we detected a single 2-kilobase mRNA transcript in bone, whereas no expression was(More)
We have previously described osteoblast/osteocyte factor 45 (OF45), a novel bone-specific extracellular matrix protein, and demonstrated that its expression is tightly linked to mineralization and bone formation. In this report, we have cloned and characterized the mouse OF45 cDNA and genomic region. Mouse OF45 (also called MEPE) was similar to its rat(More)
Although mechanical forces regulate bone mass and morphology, little is known about the signals involved in that regulation. External force application increases periosteal bone formation by increasing surface activation and formation rate. In this study, the early tibial periosteal response to external loads was compared between loaded and nonloaded(More)
High concentrations of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhibit collagen synthesis and reduce alpha 1(I)procollagen messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in cultured fetal rat calvariae. To examine the mechanism of this effect, we used the immortalized rat osteoblastic clonal cell line, Py1a. PGE2 at 1 microM inhibited the incorporation of [3H]proline into(More)
The molecular and cellular mechanism of estrogen action in skeletal tissue remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to understand the role of estrogen receptor-beta, (ERbeta) on cortical and cancellous bone during growth and aging by comparing the bone phenotype of 6- and 13-month-old female mice with or without ERbeta. Groups of 11-14 wild-type (WT)(More)
The identification and characterization of estrogen regulated genes in reproductive tissues is an important step in understanding estrogen's mechanism of action in sexual development and neoplasia. It is also important, given the clinical interest, to evaluate the molecular effects of estrogen agonists/antagonists such as tamoxifen and droloxifene in(More)
Osteocalcin (Oc), an abundant gamma-carboxylated protein (mol wt, 5800) of bone matrix, is used as a serum marker of bone turnover because it is considered to be uniquely synthesized by the osteoblast. Our finding of Oc messenger RNA (mRNA) in rat tibial diaphyseal marrow led us to investigate the cellular origins of Oc mRNA in peripheral blood and bone(More)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a secreted protein that downregulates low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDL-R) levels on the surface of hepatocytes, resulting in decreased clearance of LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C). Phenotypic screening of a small-molecule compound collection was used to identify an inhibitor of PCSK9 secretion,(More)
Insulin at 3-100 nM increased the steady state level of alpha-1(I) procollagen mRNA and stimulated collagen synthesis in the osteoblast-rich segment of central bone from 21-day-old fetal rat calvaria. The increases in the level of procollagen mRNA and the rate of collagen synthesis were observed 18 h after the addition of insulin to the cultures. The(More)