Donna M. Driscoll

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In eukaryotes, the decoding of the UGA codon as selenocysteine (Sec) requires a Sec insertion sequence (SECIS) element in the 3' untranslated region of the mRNA. We purified a SECIS binding protein, SBP2, and obtained a cDNA clone that encodes this activity. SBP2 is a novel protein containing a putative RNA binding domain found in ribosomal proteins and a(More)
Decoding UGA as selenocysteine requires a unique tRNA, a specialized elongation factor, and specific secondary structures in the mRNA, termed SECIS elements. Eukaryotic SECIS elements are found in the 3' untranslated region of selenoprotein mRNAs while those in prokaryotes occur immediately downstream of UGA. Consequently, a single eukaryotic SECIS element(More)
We placed a specific inhibitor of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) under the control of a prestalk-specific promoter. Cells containing this construct form normally patterned slugs, but under environmental conditions that normally trigger immediate culmination, the slugs undergo prolonged migration. Slugs that eventually enter culmination do so(More)
Selenium is an essential trace element that is incorporated into proteins as selenocysteine (Sec), the twenty-first amino acid. Sec is encoded by a UGA codon in the selenoprotein mRNA. The decoding of UGA as Sec requires the reprogramming of translation because UGA is normally read as a stop codon. The translation of selenoprotein mRNAs requires cis-acting(More)
The C-to-U editing of apolipoprotein B (apo-B) mRNA is catalyzed by a multiprotein complex that recognizes an 11-nucleotide mooring sequence downstream of the editing site. The catalytic subunit of the editing enzyme, apobec-1, has cytidine deaminase activity but requires additional unidentified proteins to edit apo-B mRNA. We purified a 65-kDa protein that(More)
Aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (ARS) catalyze the ligation of amino acids to cognate tRNAs. Chordate ARSs have evolved distinctive features absent from ancestral forms, including compartmentalization in a multisynthetase complex (MSC), noncatalytic peptide appendages, and ancillary functions unrelated to aminoacylation. Here, we show that glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA(More)
The cotranslational incorporation of the unusual amino acid selenocysteine (Sec) into both prokaryotic and eukaryotic proteins requires the recoding of a UGA stop codon as one specific for Sec. The recognition of UGA as Sec in mammalian selenoproteins requires a Sec insertion sequence (SECIS) element in the 3' untranslated region as well as the SECIS(More)
Phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PhGPx) is a selenoenzyme that reduces hydroperoxides of phospholipid, cholesterol, and cholesteryl ester. Previous studies suggested that both the mitochondrial and nonmitochondrial forms of PhGPx are approximately 170 amino acids long. In this study, we isolated a full-length cDNA clone encoding rat testis(More)
The translational recoding of UGA as selenocysteine (Sec) is directed by a SECIS element in the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of eukaryotic selenoprotein mRNAs. The selenocysteine insertion sequence (SECIS) contains two essential tandem sheared G·A pairs that bind SECIS-binding protein 2 (SBP2), which recruits a selenocysteine-specific elongation factor and(More)
In mammalian selenoprotein mRNAs, the highly structured 3' UTR contains selenocysteine insertion sequence (SECIS) elements that are required for the recognition of UGA as the selenocysteine codon. Our previous work demonstrated a tight correlation between codon-specific translational read-through and the activity of a 120-kDa RNA-binding protein that(More)