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AIM The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between structural empowerment and patient safety culture among staff level Registered Nurses (RNs) within adult critical care units (ACCU). BACKGROUND There is literature to support the value of RNs' structurally empowered work environments and emerging literature towards patient safety(More)
Leu 13 is a 16 kDa human lymphocyte surface Ag and monoclonal anti-Leu 13 induces T cell aggregation and alters T cell proliferation. In previous studies using anti-Leu 13, Leu 13 Ag has been detected on endothelial cells (EC) of arteries, capillaries, and veins in human tissue sections. In contrast, in this study using the same antibody, Leu 13 Ag could(More)
BACKGROUND Hand hygiene is a key measure in preventing infections. We evaluated healthcare worker (HCW) hand hygiene with the use of remote video auditing with and without feedback. METHODS The study was conducted in an 17-bed intensive care unit from June 2008 through June 2010. We placed cameras with views of every sink and hand sanitizer dispenser to(More)
Borges AS, et al. Araçatuba virus: a vac-cinialike virus associated with infection in humans and cattle. from humans and cattle in Rio de Ja-neiro State: Cantagalo virus may derive from Brazilian smallpox vaccine. Virol-Ferreira F, et al. Natural human infections with vaccinia virus during bovine vaccinia outbreaks.proved assay to detect(More)
Using remote video auditing (RVA) and real-time feedback, we replicated health care workers hand hygiene in a second intensive care unit. During the first 4 weeks using RVA without feedback, the compliance rate was 30.42%. The rate during the 64-week postfeedback period (initial 16 and 48 weeks maintenance) with RVA and feedback exceeded 80% on average.(More)
The North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System Laboratories serve 15 hospitals and affiliated regional physician practices in the New York City metropolitan area, with virus testing performed at a central reference laboratory. The influenza A pandemic (H1N1) 2009 outbreak began in this area on April 24, 2009, and within weeks respiratory virus testing(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients during periods of neutropenia and non-neutropenia. To compare the infection rates in patients with HIV disease to those in a group hospitalized with neutropenia and hematologic malignancy. DESIGN Prospective observational study conducted between(More)
Surfaces in an outpatient setting are exposed to multiple patients b ecome colonized with microorganisms. Copper and alloys containing greater than 60% copper reduce bacterial burdens on solid surfaces by 99.9% within 2 hours.! Copper surfaces have been found to substantially diminish the density of bacte ria to levels below those considered a risk to(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to blood and bodily fluids represents a significant occupational risk for nurses. The most effective means of preventing bloodborne pathogen transmission is through adherence to Standard Precautions (SP). Despite published guidelines on infection control and negative health consequences of noncompliance, significant issues remain around(More)
Surgical site infection (SSI) is recognized as a focus area by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Joint Commission, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, and the Institute of Medicine. An estimated 47% to 84% of SSIs present after discharge from the hospital or ambulatory care facility and, as a result, go undetected by standard SSI(More)