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The presence and degree of pancreatic necrosis (30%, 50%, or greater than 50%) was evaluated by means of bolus injection of contrast material and dynamic sequential computed tomography (CT) in 88 patients with acute pancreatitis at initial and follow-up examinations. Pancreatic necrosis was defined as lack of enhancement of all or a portion of the gland.(More)
Type I glutaric aciduria (GA1) results from mitochondrial matrix flavoprotein glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency and is a cause of acute striatal necrosis in infancy. We present detailed clinical, neuroradiologic, molecular, biochemical, and functional data on 77 patients with GA1 representative of a 14-year clinical experience. Microencephalic(More)
We have examined the properties of neurons in three subdivisions of the pulvinar of alert, trained rhesus monkeys 1) an inferior, retinotopically mapped area (PI), 2) a lateral, retinotopically organized region (PL), and 3) a dorsomedial visual portion of the lateral pulvinar (Pdm), which has a crude retinotopic organization. We tested the neurons for(More)
Highly conserved repetitive DNA sequence clones, largely consisting of (GGAAT)n repeats, have been isolated from a human recombinant repetitive DNA library by high-stringency hybridization with rodent repetitive DNA. This sequence, the predominant repetitive sequence in human satellites II and III, is similar to the essential core DNA of the Saccharomyces(More)
1. To understand some of the contributions of parietal cortex to the dynamics of visual spatial attention, we recorded from cortical cells of monkeys performing attentional tasks. We studied 484 neurons in the intraparietal sulcus and adjacent gyral tissue of two monkeys. We measured phasic responses to peripheral visual stimuli while the monkeys attended(More)
1. These studies were initiated to understand the neural sites and mechanisms controlling head movements during gaze shifts. Gaze shifts are made by saccadic eye movements with and without head movements. Sites were stimulated electrically within the brain stem of awake, trained monkeys relatively free to make head movements to study the head-movement(More)
We are able to move visual attention away from the direction of gaze, fixating on one object while attending to something else at a different location, within the region of peripheral vision. It has been widely assumed that the attentional neural systems are separate from the motor systems, but some studies challenge this idea. It has now been suggested(More)
1. Clinical and experim ental data suggest MARY AND CONCL NS that area 7 of posterior parietal cortex plays a role in visual attention and eye movements. We have operationally defined attention as a stimulus-selection process independent of the specific movement used to respond to the stimulus. We trained monkeys to make various hand or eye movements and(More)
Neurons in a subdivision of the pulvinar resemble those in parietal cortex: many respond to visual stimuli, some of these have a spatial selection mechanism, and some have signals about the occurrence of eye movements. These properties suggest a role in visual spatial attention. Injection of GABA-related drugs into this part of the pulvinar alters animals'(More)