Donna K. Stafford

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The chromatic dimensions of human color vision have a neural basis in the retina. Ganglion cells, the output neurons of the retina, exhibit spectral opponency; they are excited by some wavelengths and inhibited by others. The hypothesis that the opponent circuitry emerges from selective connections between horizontal cell interneurons and cone(More)
We characterized the light response, morphology, and receptive-field structure of a distinctive amacrine cell type (Dacey, 1989), termed here the A1 amacrine, by applying intracellular recording and staining methods to the macaque monkey retina in vitro. A1 cells show two morphologically distinct components: a highly branched and spiny dendritic tree, and a(More)
A population of 194 lemurs (Lemur spp.), 116 males and 78 females, from 1 to 30 years of age, was assessed for lateralized hand use in simple food reaching with a minimum of 100 reaches per animal. A hand preference was present in 80% of the population with a bias for use of the left hand that was most characteristic of male lemurs and young lemurs. The(More)
Feeding related lateralization was examined in a population of 23 small-eared bushbabies (Otolemur garnettii). The three measures used to determine lateralization were food reaching, holding, and manipulation. Sex and age differences were found, with adult females showing a strong right bias and adult males a left bias. Juvenile males were weakly(More)
Eye-preference has been measured in the small-eared bushbaby, Otolemur garnettii, using two testing conditions, one requiring the subject to look through a grid and the other involving trained looking through a small hole. Monocular eye use was scored for viewing a variety of stimuli. The six subjects (four adult females and two babies) tested using the(More)
The hand preferences of 5 semi-free-ranging black-and-white ruffed lemurs were assessed by using three distinct testing procedures. Testing conditions varied in the extent to which they required animals to make a whole body postural adjustment prior to making a reach. Minimal bodily adjustment was necessary for free foraging, whereas discrete food(More)
Lateralized hand use in gibbons was assessed for both food reaching and leading limb in brachiation. Sex and age effects were found in hand preference for food reaching. Adult females were all very strongly right hand preferent, whereas adult males had no across group consistent preference. Within the female group there was a strong correlation between age(More)
Twenty-one ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) were videotaped during feeding. They had previously been classified as left-, right- or ambipreferent on the basis of the hand used to reach for food. The feeding sequences provided duration-based measures of manipulation, hand and mouth lateralization, and posture during feeding sequences with 2 types of food.(More)
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