Learn More
Treatment of base excision repair-proficient mouse fibroblasts with the DNA alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and a small molecule inhibitor of PARP-1 results in a striking cell killing phenotype, as previously reported. Earlier studies showed that the mechanism of cell death is apoptosis and requires DNA replication, expression of PARP-1, and(More)
The combination of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and alkylating agents is currently being investigated in cancer therapy clinical trials. However, the DNA lesions producing the synergistic cell killing effect in tumors are not fully understood. Treatment of human and mouse fibroblasts with the monofunctional DNA methylating agent methyl(More)
Inhibition of PARP activity results in extreme sensitization to MMS-induced cell killing in cultured mouse fibroblasts. In these MMS-treated cells, PARP inhibition is accompanied by an accumulation of S-phase cells that requires signaling by the checkpoint kinase ATR [J.K. Horton, D.F. Stefanick, J.M. Naron, P.S. Kedar, S.H. Wilson, Poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
The activity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is highly stimulated following DNA damage resulting in formation of DNA nicks and strand breaks. This leads to modification of numerous proteins, including itself, using NAD(+) as substrate and to exhaustion of intracellular ATP. A highly cytotoxic concentration of the DNA methylating agent methyl(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) binds intermediates of base excision repair (BER) and becomes activated for poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) synthesis. PAR mediates recruitment and functions of the key BER factors XRCC1 and DNA polymerase β (pol β) that in turn regulate PAR. Yet, the molecular mechanism and implications of coordination between XRCC1 and pol β(More)
Single-strand breaks (SSBs) can occur in cells either directly, or indirectly following initiation of base excision repair (BER). SSBs generally have blocked termini lacking the conventional 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl groups and require further processing prior to DNA synthesis and ligation. XRCC1 is devoid of any known enzymatic activity, but it can(More)
Mouse fibroblasts, deficient in DNA polymerase beta, are hypersensitive to monofunctional DNA methylating agents such as methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). Both wild-type and, in particular, repair-deficient DNA polymerase beta null cells are highly sensitized to the cytotoxic effects of MMS by 4-amino-1,8-naphthalimide (4-AN), an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
UNLABELLED PARP-1 is important for the recognition of both endogenous and exogenous DNA damage, and binds to DNA strand breaks including intermediates of base excision repair (BER). Once DNA-bound, PARP-1 becomes catalytically activated synthesizing PAR polymers onto itself and other repair factors (PARylation). As a result, BER repair proteins such as(More)
Base excision repair (BER) can protect a cell after endogenous or exogenous genotoxic stress, and a deficiency in BER can render a cell hypersensitive to stress-induced apoptotic and necrotic cell death, mutagenesis, and chromosomal rearrangements. However, understanding of the mammalian BER system is not yet complete as it is extraordinarily complex and(More)
Mouse fibroblasts, deficient in DNA polymerase ß (ß-pol), are hypersensitive to monofunctional DNA methylating agents such as methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). Both wild-type, and in particular repair deficient ßpol null cells, are highly sensitized to the cytotoxic effects of MMS by 4-amino-1,8naphthalimide (4-AN), an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase(More)