Donna E. Fennell

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Dehalococcoides ethenogenes strain 195 dechlorinates tetrachloroethene to vinyl chloride and ethene, and its genome has been found to contain up to 17 putative dehalogenase gene homologues, suggesting diverse dehalogenation ability. We amended pure or mixed cultures containing D. ethenogenes strain 195 with 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin,(More)
A combination of microcosm studies, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, and site data was used to assess the indigenous reductive dechlorinating potential in a trichloroethene (TCE)-contaminated aquifer at Cape Canaveral Air Station, Florida. Sediment and groundwater were obtained from two distinct locations approximately 10 m apart. Microcosm studies(More)
Biotransformation of the flame retardants tetrabromobisphenol A and tetrachlorobisphenol A, and their ultimate biodehalogenation product, bisphenol A, was examined in anoxic estuarine sediments. Dehalogenation of tetrabromobisphenol A and tetrachlorobisphenol A was examined under conditions promoting either methanogenesis or sulfate reduction as the primary(More)
Substantial stall waste is generated from horses on softwood bedding. The methane potential (G(pot)) of horse manure and constructed mixtures of stall waste with softwood bedding was determined at 35°C. G(pot) of 68, 191 and 273 mL/g volatile solids (VS) were estimated for three separate batches of horse manure, indicating variability in the material.(More)
Marine sponges are natural sources of brominated organic compounds, including bromoindoles, bromophenols, and bromopyrroles, that may comprise up to 12% of the sponge dry weight. Aplysina aerophoba sponges harbor large numbers of bacteria that can amount to 40% of the biomass of the animal. We postulated that there might be mechanisms for microbially(More)
Toxic polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) with chlorines substituted at the lateral 2, 3, 7, and 8 positions are of great environmental concern. We investigated the dechlorination of 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran (1,2,3,4,7,8-HxCDF) and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9-octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (OCDD) by a mixed culture containing(More)
Dechlorination of spiked 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (1,2,3,4-TeCDD) was investigated in sediment microcosms from three polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran (CDD/F)-contaminated sites: River Kymijoki, Finland; Gulf Island Pond, Maine; and Lake Roosevelt, Washington. Dechlorination was stimulated by addition of electron donor and(More)
A mixed culture containing Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain 195 dechlorinated 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD) and selected polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners in Aroclors 1260, 1254 and 1242. 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD was dechlorinated to 1,3,7-trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (1,3,7-TrCDD) and/or 1,3,8-TrCDD via(More)
The New York/New Jersey Harbor (also known as the Hudson River Estuary) is heavily contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) arising in part from inputs from the Upper Hudson River, which is a Superfund site containing historical PCB contamination, and also due to inputs from the New York City metropolitan area. The Contamination Assessment and(More)
Human urine contains high concentrations of nitrogen, contributing about 75% of the nitrogen in municipal wastewaters yet only 1% of the volume. Source separation of urine produces an ideal waste stream for nitrogen and phosphorus recovery, reducing downstream costs of nutrient treatment at wastewater treatment facilities. We examined the efficiency and(More)