Donna D. Strong

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To identify the molecular mechanism by which insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) exerts its inhibitory effects on insulin-like growth factor (IGF) actions, we localized and determined the role of the IGF binding domain in modulating IGF actions in human osteoblasts. Deletion analysis using IGFBP-4 expressed in bacteria revealed that the(More)
BACKGROUND An in vivo gene therapy strategy was developed to accelerate bone fracture repair. METHODS Direct injection of a murine leukemia virus-based vector targeted transgene expression to the proliferating periosteal cells arising shortly after fracture. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) was selected because the transgene for its prostaglandin products that(More)
Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors have been shown to play an important role in controlling cell type determination and differentiation. TWIST, a member of the bHLH transcription factor family, is involved in the development of mesodermally derived tissue, including the skeleton. We examined the role of human TWIST in osteoblast metabolism(More)
Recent studies indicate that the amount of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in human osteoblast-line cells is proportional to the concentration of phosphate in the culture medium. The current studies were intended to extend those observations and to determine whether the effects of phosphate (and phosphate esters and analogs) to alter the cellular level(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) is produced by osteoblasts and potentiates insulin-like growth factor mitogenic stimulation in osteoblast cell cultures. Progesterone (PG) increased IGFBP-5 expression in normal human osteoblasts and increased IGFBP-5 transcription in U2 human osteosarcoma cells. We developed a chloramphenicol(More)
Earlier we described a kinetic assay for quantifying skeletal alkaline phosphatase (ALP) isoenzyme activity in serum. The precision of the assay depends on including ALP standards for the skeletal, hepatic, intestinal, and placental isoenzymes. We wondered whether human osteosarcoma cells could provide an efficient alternative to human bone or Pagetic serum(More)
Recently, we reported a direct effect of androgens on murine and human bone cells to stimulate bone cell proliferation and differentiation. To test whether this effect of androgenic steroids might be mediated by growth factors, we measured relative concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I and -II (IGF-I and IGF-II) and transforming growth factor-beta(More)
To investigate the role of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta) in bone metabolism, the effects of this agent on the differentiation characteristics of human bone cells were studied in vitro. Human bone cells were isolated from femoral head samples by collagenase digestion. Differentiation characteristics included alkaline phosphatase activity,(More)
Previous work showed that production of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) by osteoblast-like rat UMR 106 cells was increased by 17 beta-estradiol at physiological concentrations. To determine whether ovariectomy alters the concentration of TGF-beta in rat long bones, female Sprague-Dawley rats were either sham-operated (n = 19) or ovariectomized (n(More)
This report describes skeletal site-related differences in human osteoblastic cell metabolism in studies of four patients. Northern analyses of the constitutive growth factor messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression pattern in mandibular and iliac crest-derived human osteoblastic cells (based on within-patient comparisons) revealed higher mRNA levels(More)