Donna D. Johnson

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OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and health effects of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy. METHODS AND DESIGN Datasets from two randomized clinical trials were first analyzed separately then combined for this analysis using a common data dictionary. In the NICHD trial, women were randomized to 400, 2000, or 4000IU vitamin D3/day, stratified by race.(More)
The intramuscular administration of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo [4,5-c] pyridin-3-ol (THPO) delayed the onset of isonicotinic acid hydrazide-induced seizures in very young chicks but not in adult mice, the difference being due to the state of development of the blood-brain-barrier which controls access of the drug to the brain tissue. THPO was also(More)
The anticonvulsant activity of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) has been determined against seizures induced in epileptic chickens by intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) and in epileptic and nonepileptic chickens by Metrazol. Intravenous administration of the drug reduced both the severity and incidence of seizures evoked by IPS in epileptic(More)
Experimental febrile seizures can be evoked in epileptic chicks by elevation of their body temperature. Both competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists [(3-(+/- )2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP), DL-2-amino-7-phosphosphonoheptanoic acid (APH), DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV), D-alpha-aminoadipic acid (AAA),(More)
Despite its discovery a hundred years ago, vitamin D has emerged as one of the most controversial nutrients and prohormones of the 21st century. Its role in calcium metabolism and bone health is undisputed but its role in immune function and long-term health is debated. There are clear indicators from in vitro and animal in vivo studies that point to(More)
The high seizure susceptibility in epileptic chickens is due to an autosomal recessive mutation. In 3-day-old chicks homozygous for the epilepsy gene (epileptics), elevation of body temperature using microwave diathermy evoked an initial febrile seizure resembling the clonic seizures evoked in epileptic chicks by photic stimulation. After complete recovery,(More)
Intravenous administration of beta-carboline-3-carboxylate methyl ester (beta-CCM) produced convulsions at small doses (0.03 mg/kg) in adult chickens, homozygous for the epileptic gene. Nonepileptic heterozygote hatchmates (carriers) did not undergo seizures at doses of 1 mg/kg, and doses of 3-5 mg/kg produced only brief myoclonic responses. The convulsant(More)
Exposure of adult male and female albino rats to high-intensity illumination for 17.5 hr results in a marked, transient exophthalmos, which persists for approximately 48 hr after the light exposure. Upon examination of the Harderian glands in these rats, a significant glandular weight increase was observed up to 2 days after light treatment. Analysis of(More)
This study involved a morphometric analysis of an experimental model of spinal cord injury. The spinal cords of rats were injured by a weight drop at T8 level. Animals were sacrificed 4 weeks after injury, and histopathologic examination of the spinal cords was carried out qualitatively and also quantitatively with the aid of computer-assisted morphometry.(More)