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Disections of the dorsal rami of L1--5 were performed in human cadavers, and the course of the dorsal rami, their branches, and the innervation of the zygapophyseal joints in the lumbar region were specifically studied. At the L-1 through L-4 levels, the dorsal rami divide into medial and lateral branches within the intertransverse ligaments. Each medial(More)
Temperature differences between the lower extremities were measured using a computerized thermometric scanning system in order to compare the degree of thermal asymmetry in 144 patients with low-back pain. The patients displayed highly significant thermal asymmetries, with the involved limb being cooler (p less than 0.001). When asymmetries exceeded 1(More)
This review article outlines basic concepts and pathophysiological aspects of the chemistry of oxygen free radicals in all forms of brain injury and brain edema. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated that oxygen free radicals may be important mediators of brain injury and brain edema, and pharmacological antagonism of oxygen free radicals shows(More)
Peripheral nerve stimulating devices were implanted for pain control in 33 patients with a variety of disabling chronic pain conditions, which had persisted despite usual medical and surgical therapy. The implants were placed on major nerves innervating the area of the patient's pain. Records were obtained of each patient's stated relief from pain produced(More)
Over the past two decades, spinal cord stimulation devices and techniques have evolved from single-channel systems, with electrodes requiring laminectomy, into programmable "multichannel" systems with electrodes that may be placed percutaneously. We have reviewed our experience in 320 consecutive patients treated with these devices at our institution(More)
OBJECTIVE Improved clinical and economic outcomes for high-risk surgical procedures have been previously cited in support of regionalization. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of regionalization by analyzing the cost and outcome of craniotomy for tumors and to compare the findings in academic medical centers versus community-based hospitals.(More)
Dorsal root ganglionectomy has been suggested as a method for the treatment of chronic intractable radicular pain, with theoretical advantages over dorsal rhizotomy, which does not interrupt ventral root afferents. The indications for these procedures in patients with persistent pain following lumbosacral spine surgery are not well established. Long-term(More)
Oxygen free radicals such as superoxide radical and iron-catalyzed hydroxyl radical generated by the superoxide system have been implicated in the genesis of brain edema. Therefore, deferoxamine (DFO), an iron chelator, could potentially be used to treat brain edema. To examine this hypothesis, vasogenic brain edema was produced in 48 cats by a cortical(More)