Learn More
BACKGROUND Multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) is a prominent subtyping method to resolve closely related microbial isolates to provide information for establishing genetic patterns among isolates and to investigate disease outbreaks. The usefulness of MLVA was recently demonstrated for the avian major pathogen Chlamydophila(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus remains a major respiratory pathogen in birds. In poultry, infection by A. fumigatus may induce significant economic losses particularly in turkey production. A. fumigatus develops and sporulates easily in poor quality bedding or contaminated feedstuffs in indoor farm environments. Inadequate ventilation and dusty conditions increase(More)
1 Retraction The authors would like to retract the article " The absence of MyD88 has no effect on the induction of alternatively activated macrophage during Fasciola hepatica infection " published in BMC Immunology (2011, 12:63). The text and figures in this article [1] have been misappropriated from a different set of experiments using a different(More)
UNLABELLED Alternatively activated macrophages (AAMφ) play important roles in allergies and responses toparasitic infections. However, whether signaling through toll-like receptors (TLRs) plays any role in AAMφ induction when young Fasciola hepatica penetrates the liver capsule and migrates through the liver tissue is still unclear. RESULTS The data show(More)
  • 1