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UNLABELLED The mechanisms of action of dietary fish oil (FO) on osteoporosis are not fully understood. This study showed FO decreased bone loss in ovariectomized mice because of inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. This finding supports a beneficial effect of FO on the attenuation of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION Consumption of fish or n-3 fatty acids protects(More)
Nearly half of the U.S. adult population is overweight or obese, which may be related to increased energy intake combined with lack of physical activity. Obesity increases the risk of several chronic diseases including diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and stroke. Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) were shown to decrease fat and increase lean(More)
OBJECTIVE Cyclophosphamide (CTX), an alkylating agent, is extensively used in the treatment of lupus nephritis, but its administration has been associated with free radical mediated oxidative stress. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of dietary corn oil (CO), fish oil (FO) and food restriction (FR) on the activities of hepatic(More)
The use of fish oil (FO) as a dietary supplement to prevent or reduce the severity of cardiovascular diseases and autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis is receiving much attention. Several recent reports indicate that eating fish often or the use of small doses of FO capsules appears to have benefits against cardiovascular diseases. We have(More)
Life expectancy has increased considerably over the last century in the United States. It is expected that this longevity will be accompanied by an increase in the prevalence of osteoporosis and accompanying complications in the elderly population. Age-related loss of bone mass and bone fragility are major risk factors for osteoporosis, leading to an(More)
We compared the effects of calorie restriction (CR) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) on the progression of lupus nephritis and immunological changes in NZB/NZW F1 mice. Ad libitum (AL)/CTX and CR delayed onset of proteinuria and significantly decreased serum levels of anti-dsDNA, anti-histone, and circulating immune complex antibodies. CTX and CR prevented the(More)
It is well established that bone loss due to estrogen deficiency after menopause is greater in women consuming higher quantities of animal protein than in women consuming vegetable protein, particularly soy protein. Besides the dietary protein source altering bone loss, it has also been postulated recently that the source of a higher n-6/n-3 ratio in(More)
Statins are a group of hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors which are most effective as lipid lowering agents, and are currently extensively used clinically. Recently, it was also shown that statins affect the immune response. We investigated the effects of lovastatin on the maturation and functional changes of bone marrow-derived(More)
Costimulatory and adhesion molecules are known to play a major role in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Since fish oil and calorie restriction have been reported to attenuate the development of disease in lupus prone (NZBxNZW)F1 mice, the objective of this study was to assess the expression of these key inflammatory molecules in these mice(More)
We reported that reduced water produced by electrolysis enhanced the antioxidant effects of proton donors such as ascorbic acid (AsA) in a previous paper. We also demonstrated that reduced water produced by electrolysis of 2 mM NaCl solutions did not show antioxidant effects by itself. We reasoned that the enhancement of antioxidant effects may be due to(More)