Dongxiao Sun

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The UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A enzymes are involved in the phase II metabolism of many important endogenous and exogenous compounds. The nine UGT1A isoforms exhibit high interindividual differences in expression, but their epigenetic regulation is not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to examine microRNA (miRNA) regulation of(More)
Tamoxifen (TAM) is an antiestrogen widely used in the treatment and prevention of breast cancer in women. One of the major mechanisms of metabolism of TAM and one of its major active metabolites, 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OH-TAM), is via glucuronidation. In the present study, the glucuronidating activities of three common variant isoforms encoded by the human(More)
Tamoxifen (TAM) is an antiestrogen that has been widely used in the treatment and prevention of breast cancer in women. One of the major mechanisms of metabolism and elimination of TAM and its major active metabolites 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OH-TAM) and 4-OH-N-desmethyl-TAM (endoxifen; 4-hydroxy-N-desmethyl-tamoxifen) is via glucuronidation. Although limited(More)
Corticofugal influences on the responses of inferior collicular neurons (IC) to acoustic stimulation were studied by electrical stimulation of the auditory cortex. Among 471 IC neurons isolated, about 26% were affected by cortical stimulation. Responses of 103 (22%) IC neurons were inhibited and 17 (3.6%) were facilitated. The degree of inhibition was(More)
Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor used in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and in clinical trials for treatment of multiple other cancers. A major mode of SAHA metabolism is by glucuronidation via the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) family of enzymes. To characterize the UGTs active against SAHA,(More)
1-[4-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-phenyl]-1,2-diphenylbut-1-(Z)-ene (tamoxifen, TAM) is a nonsteroidal antiestrogen that has been commonly used for the prevention and treatment of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. TAM is extensively metabolized into several primary active metabolites including 4-hydroxy-TAM (4-OH-TAM) and endoxifen. Glucuronidation is(More)
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) is a multifunctional complex enzyme important in the cellular biosynthesis of fatty acids. The present study was to investigate the association of the SCD gene with milk production traits in dairy cattle. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (g.6926A>G and g.8646A>G) in introns 3 and 4, and three SNPs (g.10153A>G,(More)
OBJECTIVE Exemestane is a third-generation aromatase inhibitor used in the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Reduction to form 17-dihydroexemestane and subsequent glucuronidation to exemestane-17-O-glucuronide is a major pathway for exemestane metabolism. The goal of this study was to analyze 17-dihydroexemestane anti-aromatase activity,(More)
Complex vertebral malformation (CVM) is a monogenic autosomal recessive hereditary defect of Holstein dairy cattle. It is caused by a point mutation from G to T at the nucleotide position 559 in bovine solute carrier family 35, member 3 gene (SLC35A3), which changes the amino acid sequence of uridine 5'-diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine transporter protein(More)
A two-stage association study was conducted targeting a genomic region on chromosome 17p13 that we reported likely to harbor susceptibility gene(s) for nicotine dependence (ND). Participants were 2037 subjects from 602 nuclear families of either African-American (AA) or European-American (EA) origin from our Mid-South Tobacco Family (MSTF) cohort. We first(More)