Learn More
The " local-equilibrium " hypothesis that assumes a local balance between the viscous dissipation and the subgrid-scale dissipation at the same physical location in turbulent flow has been commonly used for turbulence modeling. For example, based on the local equilibrium hypothesis, Germano et al. (1991) and Moin et al. (1991) developed dynamic procedures(More)
To help users find optimal rescue and evacuation routes, this approach uses the extended hierarchical node relation model (EHI-NRM) to represent a building's internal structure. The approach also employs the improved cellular-automata model (ICA) to consider route-choice behavior, such as spatial reasoning and communication among evacuees.
—Land surface albedo is a critical parameter in the earth's energy budget. Multiple-sensor data contain more information than single-sensor data, enabling us to retrieve albedo more accurately. The Angular and Spectral Kernel driven model (ASK model), which introduces component spectra into a kernel-driven model, provides a way to combine multiple-sensor(More)
To evaluate and improve the quality of land surface albedo products, validation with ground measurements of albedo is crucial over the spatially and temporally heterogeneous land surface. One of the essential steps for satellite albedo product validation is coarse scale observation technique development with long time ground-based measurements. In this(More)
Narrowband-to-broadband conversion is a critical procedure for mapping land-surface broadband albedo using multi-spectral narrowband remote-sensing observations. Due to the significant difference in optical characteristics between soil and vegetation, NTB conversion is influenced by the variation in vegetation coverage on different surface types. To reduce(More)