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The rice endosperm plays crucial roles in nourishing the embryo during embryogenesis and seed germination. Although previous studies have provided the general information about rice endosperm, a systematic investigation throughout the entire endosperm developmental process is still lacking. In this study, we examined in detail rice endosperm development on(More)
Rice caryopsis as one of the most important food sources for humans has a complex structure that is composed of maternal tissues including the pericarp and testa and filial tissues including the endosperm and embryo. Although rice caryopsis studies have been conducted previously, a systematic characterization throughout the entire developmental process is(More)
Krüppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) belongs to the Sp/KLF family of transcription factors. Recently, it is affirmed that KLF8 plays an important role in the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which is a key process that occurs during cancer metastasis. Although the overexpression of KLF8 has been observed in several types of human cancers, the(More)
To uncover the genes involved in the development of osteosarcoma (OS), we performed a meta-analysis of OS microarray data to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and biological functions associated with gene expression changes between OS and normal control (NC) tissues. We used publicly available GEO datasets of OS to perform a meta-analysis. We(More)
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor in children and adolescents. Although combined therapy including surgery and multi-agent chemotherapy have resulted in great improvements in the overall survival of patients, chemoresistance remains an obstacle for the treatment of osteosarcoma. Molecular targets or effective agents that are actively(More)
PURPOSE Osteosarcoma is an aggressive malignant neoplasm, and conflicting findings have been reported on the survival and function recovery in osteosarcoma patients experiencing limb salvage or amputation. In the present study, we compared clinical outcomes regarding limb salvage surgery vs. amputation for osteosarcoma patients by a meta-analysis. METHOD(More)
Size-dependent magnetic single-domain versus vortex state stability of Co/Ru(0001) nanodots is explored with spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy, analytical modeling, and micromagnetic simulations. We show that both single-domain and vortex states can be stabilized in a broad region near the phase boundary. The calculated width of the bistability(More)
Supramolecular vesicles which can successfully encapsulate DOX and exhibit rapid drug release in a low-pH environment are constructed based on the host-guest interaction of water-soluble pillar[5]arene and a BODIPY derivative. They show remarkable combination of chemo- and photodynamic activities, suggesting a promising drug nanocarrier.
OBJECTIVE Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone tumor with high morbidity in young adults and adolescents. This study aimed to discover potential early diagnosis biomarkers in OS. RESULTS In total, 111 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in primary OS compared with normal controls and 235 DEGs were identified in metastatic OS compared(More)
BACKGROUND Various treatments of giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) included in curettages and resections and with adjuvant are exerted, but the best treatment is controversial. The aim of the study was the identification of individual risk factors after various treatments in GCTB. METHODS A total of 179 patients treated for GCTB between 1998 and 2010 were(More)