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Luminogenic cytochrome P450 (CYP) assays couple CYP enzyme activity to firefly luciferase luminescence in a technology called P450-Glo(TM) (Promega). Luminogenic substrates are used in assays of human CYP1A1, -1A2, -1B1, -2C8, -2C9, -2C19, -2D6, -2J2, -3A4, -3A7, -4A11, -4F3B, -4F12 and -19. The assays detect dose-dependent CYP inhibition by test compounds(More)
Cytochrome P450 (P450) assays use probe substrates to interrogate the influence of new chemical entities toward P450 enzymes. We report the synthesis and study of a family of bioluminogenic luciferin acetal substrates that are oxidized by P450 enzymes to form luciferase substrates. The luciferin acetals were screened against a panel of purified P450(More)
Human ZFHX4 has recently been shown to be a candidate gene for congenital bilateral isolated ptosis. Here, we report molecular cloning of the human ZFHX4 cDNA and genomic organization of this gene. Human ZFHX4 is about 180 kb long, containing 12 exons that encodes a 3599-amino acid protein carrying four homeodomains and 22 zinc fingers. The 11th exon is 3.2(More)
INTRODUCTION The cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are central to ADME studies because of their central role in drug metabolism. Proper CYP assay design and a correct understanding of CYP assay selectivity are critical for generating and interpreting biologically relevant data during drug development. Bioluminescent CYP assays use luminogenic probe substrates that(More)
Assessment of a new chemical entity for cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme induction at an early stage in discovery is crucial to prevent potential drug–drug interactions. CYP3A, the most abundant CYP isoform in the liver, metabolizes approximately 50% of drugs currently on the market and is also a highly inducible enzyme. The use of both rat and human hepatocyte(More)
The paper presents the architecture of the MAS-based distributed fish disease diagnosis expert system on the basis of the analysis and summary on the characteristics of the existing distributed fish disease diagnosis expert system. That gives full play to the MAS-based distributed computing and to build flexibly. For heterogeneous knowledge sources of the(More)
Luminogenic probes were designed and synthesized for the detection of uptake transporter activity in a lytic cell-based assay. These probes rely on a self-cleavable trimethyl lock quinone-cyanobenzothiazole (TMQ-CNBT) or trimethyl lock quinone-luciferin (TMQ-Luc) linked to the anion transporter substrate fluorescein. Upon cellular transport, the TMQ is(More)
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