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PURPOSE To determine whether curcumin ameliorates acute and chronic radiation skin toxicity and to examine the expression of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, IL-18, IL-1Ra, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha, and lymphotoxin-beta) or fibrogenic cytokines (transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta) during the same acute and chronic phases. (More)
The selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, alone and in combination with radiation was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Murine mammary tumor line (MCa-35) and human lung carcinoma line (A549) have high and low basal levels of COX-2 protein, respectively. Treatment of both tumor cells with celecoxib alone resulted in a dose- and(More)
Interleukin 1 beta (IL1B), a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine, is directly up-regulated by radiation and is known to regulate other inflammation-related molecules, such as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous inhibitors (TIMPs). However, the nature of the interaction of IL1B with MMPs and TIMPs in radiation-induced skin fibrosis is(More)
A pronounced positive δ13C excursion in the Hirnantian Age has been documented globally, reflecting large perturbations of carbon cycling in the Late Ordovician oceans. Increased organic-carbon burial or enhanced carbonate weathering during glacioeustatic sea-level regression has been proposed to account for this anomalous C-isotope excursion. To test the(More)
Inflammatory cytokine and chemokine production is mediated, at least in part, by prostaglandin E (PGE2). Cyclooxygenases, COX-1 and COX-2, are two key enzymes in the conversion of arachidonic acid to PGE2. Radiation induces the overproduction of cytokines and chemokines, and it also increases PGE2 production, both locally and systemically. In this study, we(More)
The organic carbon isotope (δ13Corg) curve for ~1.7-km-thick mid-Cretaceous strata of the Chaqiela section in Gamba area, southern Tibet is presented in this study. C-isotopic chemostratigraphic correlation combined with biostratigraphic constraints show that the Chaqiela section spans early Aptian through early Campanian period, and that almost all of the(More)
The end-Permian mass extinction represents the most severe biotic crisis for the last 540 million years, and the marine ecosystem recovery from this extinction was protracted, spanning the entirety of the Early Triassic and possibly longer. Numerous studies from the low-latitude Paleotethys and high-latitude Boreal oceans have examined the possible link(More)
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