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[reaction: see text] Under very mild conditions, functionalized 2-(sulfonylimino)-4-(alkylimino)azetidine derivatives were prepared in good to excellent yields via a copper-catalyzed multicomponent reaction of readily available terminal alkynes, sulfonyl azides, and carbodiimides without the assistance of a base. The mechanism may be through a [2 + 2](More)
The stems of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, named Tie-pi-shi-hu, is one of the most endangered and precious species in China. Because of its various pharmacodynamic effects, D. officinale is widely recognized as a high-quality health food in China and other countries in south and south-east Asia. With the rising interest of D. officinale, its(More)
This work concentrates on the separation mechanism and application of chiral ligand exchange high-speed countercurrent chromatography in enantioseparation of ten racemic aromatic α-hydroxyl acids, including mandelic acid, 2-chloromandelic acid, 4-methoxymandelic acid, 4-hydroxymandelic acid, α-methylmandelic acid, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-mandelic acid,(More)
In an effort to decrease the toxicity of camptothecin (CPT) and improve selectivity for hepatoma and colon cancer cells, bile acid groups were introduced into the CPT 20 or 10 positions, resulting in the preparation of sixteen novel CPT-bile acid analogues. The compounds in which a bile acid group was introduced at the 20-hydroxyl group of CPT showed better(More)
The homocoupling of bromide compounds was successfully performed in one pot by a combination of metallic magnesium and a catalytic amount of iron salts. The binary catalytic system differentiates itself from other homocoupling reactions catalyzed by iron salts in that it requires neither the in situ preparation of Grignard reagent nor the addition of a(More)
A highly efficient oxidative-coupling reaction between diarylpropargylic sp(3) C-H and active methylenic sp(3) C-H was achieved with DDQ as oxidant. The reaction afforded a direct method for the propargylation of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds, thus providing a concise synthesis of the corresponding products.
Camptothecin-20(s)-O-(2-pyrazolyl-1)acetic ester (CPT6) is a novel semi-synthetic analog of camptothecin. In a previous report, CPT6 possessed higher cytotoxic activity in vitro towards human breast tumor MCF-7 cells than topotecan. In this study, the antitumor activity of CPT6 on the human breast tumor MCF-7 cell line was analyzed using the MTT method. The(More)
The metal-free cross-dehydrogenative coupling (CDC) reaction and subsequent cyclization of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone) and 1,3-diarylpropene promoted by DDQ has been developed. 2-Hydroxy-3-alkyl-1,4-naphthoquinones and pyranonaphthoquinones with potential pharmaceutical applications are obtained in moderate to good yields. The reaction is also(More)