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The design of echo state network (ESN) parameters relies on the selection of the maximum eigenvalue of the linearized system around zero (spectral radius). However, this procedure does not quantify in a systematic manner the performance of the ESN in terms of approximation error. This article presents a functional space approximation framework to better(More)
This paper presents a direct adaptive approach to design controllers for nonlinear dynamical systems, where system identification of the unknown dynamical system is not required. The solution is powered by both echo state network (ESN) and genetic algorithm (GA). ESN enables a simple modeling of the controller, with which only a linear readout needs to be(More)
Criminal elements in today’s technology-driven society are using every means available at their disposal to launder the proceeds from their illegal activities. In response, international anti-money laundering (AML) efforts are being made. The events of September 11, 2001, highlighted the need for more sophisticated AML and anti-terrorist financing programs(More)
In recent years, workflow technology has been widely used in business process management. With the increased complexity, uncertainty and risks in business operations, workflow monitoring is gaining growing attention in business process controlling and supervision. However, monitoring functions provided in traditional workflow systems lack flexibility, and(More)
High-frequency hearing is required for echolocating bats to locate, range and identify objects, yet little is known about its molecular basis. The discovery of a high-frequency hearing-related gene, KCNQ4, provides an opportunity to address this question. Here, we obtain the coding regions of KCNQ4 from 15 species of bats, including echolocating bats that(More)
With rising trading volumes and increasing risks in securities transactions, the securities industry is making an effort to shorten the trade lifecycle and minimize transaction risks. While attempting to achieve this, exception management is crucial to pass trade information within the trade lifecycle in a timely and accurate fashion. For a competitive(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively determine interobserver variability of semiautomated volume measurements of pulmonary nodules and the potential reasons for variability. MATERIALS AND METHODS The Dutch-Belgian lung cancer screening trial (NELSON) is a lung cancer screening study that includes men between the ages of 50 and 75 years who are current or former(More)