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Zeta-associated protein (ZAP)-70 is a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine required for T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling and development. Mutations in ZAP-70 result in severe combined immunodeficiency in humans. ZAP-70 interacts with the TCR by binding to tyrosine-phosphorylated immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) present in the invariant(More)
The T cell antigen receptor (TCR) initiates signal transduction by activating multiple cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs). Considerable progress in the field of TCR signal transduction has been made in three areas recently: first, in understanding the structure and function of the PTK ZAP-70; second, in the elucidation of the function of the(More)
The T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) triggers a signaling cascade initiated by the tyrosine kinase Lck and requiring the proto-oncogene p95(vav). Vav is activated by Lck and can function as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the Rho-family GTPases, Rac1 and Cdc42. To investigate the involvement of these GTPases in TCR signaling, we focused on their well(More)
In the current study, a mutant recombinant human interleukin-2 (MhIL-2) was generated using site-directed mutagenesis. The bacteria transformed with plasmid pET15b-MhIL-2 were cultured in LB medium containing 0.6mM IPTG for 8 hours at 27°C. Approximately 90% of His-MhIL-2 was efficiently expressed in soluble form. Purification efficiency was optimized using(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM1/B23) and the activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) are both known to subject to cell type-dependent regulation. NPM1 is expressed weakly in hepatocytes and highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) with a clear correlation between enhanced NPM1 expression and increased tumor grading and poor prognosis, whereas in contrast,(More)
ATF5 has been shown to be a critical regulator of cell proliferation and survival; however, the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. We demonstrate here that ATF5 interacts with the transcriptional coactivator p300, which acetylates ATF5 at lysine-29 (K29), which in turn enhances the interaction between ATF5 and p300 and binding of the ATF5/p300(More)
BACKGROUND Survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis, is overexpressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Its expression is known to be associated with poor clinical outcome. However, to our knowledge, there has been no study to characterize its usefulness as a serum marker for human pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, the relation between survivin(More)
Three isoforms of metallothionein protein induced with Zinc were isolated and purified from housefly larvae, Musca domestica, by gel filtration on Sephadex G-75, G-25 and anion exchange on DEAE-52 chromatography. Among them, one was found to possess antibacterial activity, and was further characterized by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, sulphydryl(More)
BACKGROUND Past work has established that human glioblastomas and breast cancer cells invariably express the activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) and that loss of function of ATF5 caused massive apoptotic death of all cancer cell lines tested. ATF5 expression and function in pancreatic cancer cells have not been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) is highly expressed in many kinds of tumors including glioblastoma and breast cancers, but its expression in epithelial ovarian neoplasms has not been investigated. Here, we show that ATF5 is highly expressed in the majority of epithelial ovarian cancer samples (43/60) as compared with benign ovarian tumor(More)