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Cryptochrome blue light photoreceptors share sequence similarity to photolyases, flavoproteins that mediate light-dependent DNA repair. However, cryptochromes lack photolyase activity and are characterized by distinguishing C-terminal domains. Here we show that the signaling mechanism of Arabidopsis cryptochrome is mediated through the C terminus. On fusion(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether Angiotensin II (Ang II) modulates peripheral chemoreflex function through carotid body (CB) chemoreceptors in chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS We measured renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in response to graded hypoxia before and after intravenous administration of Ang II (20 ng/kg/min, i.v. 30 min) or AT1(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms underlying the sex differences in human muscle morphology and function remain to be elucidated. The sex differences in the skeletal muscle transcriptome in both the resting state and following anabolic stimuli, such as resistance exercise (RE), might provide insight to the contributors of sexual dimorphism of muscle(More)
Security design at architecture level is critical to achieve high assurance software systems. However, most security design techniques for software architectures were in ad hoc fashion and fell short in precise notations. This paper proposes a formal aspect-oriented approach to designing secure software architectures. The underlying formalism is the(More)
We wished to test independently a previously reported loss of subicular microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) in the brains of deceased individuals who had suffered from schizophrenia, and to determine whether there were any clinical characteristics attached to such a loss. Immunohistochemistry for MAP2 was examined in the hippocampal region from 94(More)
We have previously reported that the expression of Angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptors (AT1R) was increased in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) of rabbits with chronic heart failure (CHF) and in the RVLM of normal rabbits infused with intracerebroventricular (ICV) Ang II. The present study investigated whether oxidant stress plays a role in Ang(More)
We studied here the short-term toxicity effects of Cd on the oxidative state and cell death in the gill of freshwater crab Sinopotamon henanense. Crabs were exposed to Cd that resulted in Cd accumulation and a significant increase in the metallothionein (MT) level in the gill, but MT level increased disproportionally compared to the Cd accumulation with an(More)
Zinc is one of the most abundant essential elements in the human body, which is an essential, coenzyme-like component of many enzymes, and is indispensable to their functions. However, high levels of zinc ions can lead to cell damage. In the present study, we explored the effects of high concentrations of zinc chloride (ZnCl2) on lens epithelial cell(More)
alpha-Synuclein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies have shown that alpha-synuclein is involved in the regulation of dopamine (DA) metabolism, possibly by down-regulating the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in DA biosynthesis. In this study, we constructed alpha-synuclein(More)
PURPOSE One approach to gaining insight into the biological pathways contributing to rod and cone photoreceptor death is to identify patterns of gene expression changes. In the present study, a custom retinal microarray was developed to analyze the rd1 mouse, a well-characterized animal model of human retinal degeneration. METHODS A microarray was(More)