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Cryptochrome blue light photoreceptors share sequence similarity to photolyases, flavoproteins that mediate light-dependent DNA repair. However, cryptochromes lack photolyase activity and are characterized by distinguishing C-terminal domains. Here we show that the signaling mechanism of Arabidopsis cryptochrome is mediated through the C terminus. On fusion(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are comprised of approximately 21 nucleotide (nt) RNAs that play important regulatory roles in growth and development by targeting mRNAs for cleavage or translational repression. In Arabidopsis, more than one hundred miRNAs have been identified but the biological functions of only a limited number of them have been determined by molecular(More)
Proto-oncogene Akt plays essential roles in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Full activation of Akt is regulated by phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and acetylation. Here we report that SUMOylation of Akt is a novel mechanism for its activation. Systematically analyzing the role of lysine residues in Akt activation revealed that K276, which is located(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is often associated with excitation of the sympathetic nervous system. This event is thought to be a negative predictor of survival in CHF. Sympathoexcitation and central angiotensin II (Ang II) have been causally linked. Recent studies have shown that NAD(P)H oxidase-derived reactive oxidant species (ROS) are important mediators(More)
Thyroid status was examined in children from two villages in central China where the iodine concentrations in drinking water were 462.5 and 54 micrograms/l. Goitres were present in 65% (n = 120) and 15.4% (n = 51), respectively. All children in both groups were clinically euthyroid and neurologically normal. Growth measurements and intellectual performance(More)
The R577X polymorphism in the alpha-actinin-3 encoding gene (ACTN3) has been associated with elite athletic performance, and recently with differences in isometric and dynamic muscle strength and power in the general population. In this study we sought to determine the association of ACTN3 R577X genotype with muscle strength and mass phenotypes in men and(More)
The primary aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of training on the immune activation in skeletal muscle in response to an acute bout of resistance exercise (RE). Seven young healthy men and women underwent a 12-wk supervised progressive unilateral arm RE training program. One week after the last training session, subjects performed an acute(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study, we showed that simvastatin (SIM) therapy normalized sympathetic outflow and cardiovascular reflex regulation in chronic heart failure (CHF). However, the precise neural and cellular pathways for these effects are unknown. We hypothesized that SIM exerts its beneficial effect on autonomic function in CHF by downregulating(More)
A bacterium (designated SM04) which can rapidly grow on zearalenone (ZEN) as sole carbon and energy source was isolated from agricultural soil. On the basis of 16S rDNA sequencing analysis, strain SM04 was classified as a bacterium belonging to the Acinetobacter genus. In this study, the biodegradation of ZEN by the extracellular extracts of strain SM04(More)
We have previously reported that the expression of Angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptors (AT1R) was increased in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) of rabbits with chronic heart failure (CHF) and in the RVLM of normal rabbits infused with intracerebroventricular (ICV) Ang II. The present study investigated whether oxidant stress plays a role in Ang(More)