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10-Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) is insoluble in both water and physiological acceptable organic solvents and tends to change into its carboxylate form, which shows minimal anticancer activity and several unpredictable side effects. The goal of this study is to exploit an appropriate delivery system for HCPT to improve the stability of its lactone form. Bovine(More)
A moderate drug permeating rate (flux) is desirable for long-acting transdermal patches. In this work, a novel simple method of controlling bisoprolol (BSP) flux by ion-pair strategy was initiated. Different ion-pair complexes including bisoprolol maleate (BSP-M), bisoprolol tartarate, bisoprolol besilate, and bisoprolol fumarate were prepared and their(More)
Synthetic short interfering RNA (siRNA) is promising for specific and efficient knockdown of disease-related genes. However, in vivo application of siRNA requires an effective delivery system. Commonly used siRNA carriers are based on polycations, which form electrostatic complexes with siRNA. Such poly- or lipoplexes are of limited use in vivo due to(More)
To investigate the effect of crystal size on the dissolution and oral absorption of nitrendipine, a poorly soluble drug, in rats. Five types of nitrendipine crystal suspensions with different particle sizes (200 nm, 620 nm, 2.7 μm, 4.1 μm, 20.2 μm) were prepared either by the precipitation-ultrasonication or the anti-solvent precipitation method. The(More)
Local delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) to the lungs constitutes a promising new area in drug delivery. The present study evaluated parameters of importance for spray drying of siRNA-loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) into nanocomposite microparticles intended for inhalation. The spray drying process was optimised using(More)
The water soluble peptide, melittin, isolated from bee venom and composed of twenty-six amino acids, was encapsulated in poly (DL-lactic acid, PLA) and poly (DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid, PLGA) microspheres prepared by a multiple emulsion [(W1/O)W2] solvent evaporation method. The aim of this work was to develop a controlled release injection that would(More)
Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide acid) (PLGA) is an attractive polymer for delivery of biopharmaceuticals owing to its biocompatibility, biodegradability and outstanding controlled release characteristics. The purpose of this study was to understand and define optimal parameters for preparation of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-loaded PLGA nanoparticles by the(More)
The water-soluble peptide, melittin, was modified with an anionic agent, sodium dodecyl sulfate by hydrophobic ion-pairing. Investigations showed that the formed complex was very soluble in organic solvent, especially, in dimethylsulfoxide and dehydrated alcohol. Furthermore, the physiochemical properties of the complex in the solid state or in an aqueous(More)
To improve the bioavailability of nitrendipine microspheres, a sustained-release microspheres having solid dispersion structure were prepared in one step. Two types of polymer, i.e. solid dispersing and sustained-release polymers, were employed to prepare the microspheres by the spherical crystallization technique, i.e. quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion(More)
Matrix systems based on biocompatible and biodegradable polymers like the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved polymer poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide acid) (PLGA) are promising for the delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) due to favorable safety profiles, sustained release properties and improved colloidal stability, as compared to(More)