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BAP31 is an endoplasmic reticulum protein-sorting factor that associates with newly synthesized integral membrane proteins and controls their fate (i.e., egress, retention, survival, or degradation). BAP31 is itself an integral membrane protein and a constituent of several large protein complexes. Here, we show that a part of the BAP31 population interacts(More)
High-throughput small-molecule screens hold great promise for identifying compounds with potential therapeutic value in the treatment of protein-trafficking diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF) and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). The approach usually involves expressing the mutant form of the gene in cells and assaying function in a multiwell format(More)
The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 has been recognized as a major mediator of basement membrane degradation, angiogenesis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. The factors that regulate its expression have not, however, been fully elucidated. We previously identified the type I insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) receptor as a regulator of MMP-2 synthesis. The(More)
The membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has been identified as a major activator of MMP-2 - a process involving the formation of a trimolecular complex with TIMP-2. We previously identified the IGF-I receptor as a positive regulator of MMP-2 synthesis. Here, we investigated the role of IGF-IR in the regulation of MT1-MMP. Highly invasive(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C is a lymphangiogenic factor implicated in lymphatic metastasis. In this study, we investigated the role of the type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) in the regulation of VEGF-C expression. We used Lewis lung carcinoma subline M-27 cells transfected with human IGF-IR cDNA. These cells, but not the(More)
The F508del mutation impairs trafficking of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) to the plasma membrane and results in a partially functional chloride channel that is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and degraded. We recently used a novel high-throughput screening (HTS) assay to identify small-molecule correctors of F508del(More)
BACKGROUND Many genetic diseases are due to defects in protein trafficking where the mutant protein is recognized by the quality control systems, retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and degraded by the proteasome. In many cases, the mutant protein retains function if it can be trafficked to its proper cellular location. We have identified(More)
The IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) was identified as a tumor progression factor, but its role in invasion and metastasis has been the subject of some controversy. Previously we reported that in murine lung carcinoma M-27 cells, overexpression of IGF-IR increased the synthesis and activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 via Akt/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(More)
Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene cause CF. The most common mutation, F508 deletion, causes CFTR misfolding and endoplasmic reticulum retention, preventing it from trafficking to the cell surface. One approach to CF treatment is to identify compounds that correct the trafficking defect. We screened a marine(More)