Dongju Zhang

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The density functional theory (DFT) calculations are carried out to study the mechanism details and the ensemble effect of methanol dehydrogenation over Pt(3) and PtAu(2) clusters, which present the smallest models of pure Pt clusters and bimetallic PtAu clusters. The energy diagrams are drawn out along both the initial O-H and C-H bond scission pathways(More)
A tiny amount of Pt was deposited in a quasi-two-dimensional form onto the nanoporous gold (NPG) substrate through a simple immersion-electrodeposition (IE) method, forming nanostructured bimetallic Pt-Au catalysts. Such Pt-Au nanostructures have much higher structural stability than the bare NPG; moreover, they exhibit better catalytic activity and(More)
Current models of the peopling of the higher-elevation zones of the Tibetan Plateau postulate that permanent occupation could only have been facilitated by an agricultural lifeway at ~3.6 thousand calibrated carbon-14 years before present. Here we report a reanalysis of the chronology of the Chusang site, located on the central Tibetan Plateau at an(More)
Boron-doped (B-doped) single-walled (8, 0) carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculations as sensor models to detect the presence of cyanides, such as hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and cyanogen chloride (CNCl). Comparing the results of the intrinsic SWCNTs with HCN and CNCl, we discover that B-doped SWCNTs present a(More)
N-[(2-Hydroxyl)-propyl-3-trimethyl ammonium] chitosan chloride (HTCC) was synthesized through nucleophilic substitution of 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (EPTAC) onto chitosan using ionic liquid of 1-allyl-3-methylimidazole chloride (AmimCl) as a homogeneous and green reaction media. The chemical structure of HTCC was confirmed by FTIR, (1)H NMR(More)
The effective enrichment and identification of lowly concentrated polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the environment is attracting enormous research attention due to human health concerns. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are known to be capable of forming inclusion complexes with a variety of organic molecules. The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical(More)
The crystal-plane effect of ZnO nanostructures on the toxic 2-chlorophenol gas-sensing properties was examined. Three kinds of single-crystalline ZnO nanostructures including nanoawls, nanorods, and nanodisks were synthesized by using different capping agents via simple hydrothermal routes. Different crystal surfaces were expected for these ZnO(More)
Nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) has attracted great attention both experimentally and theoretically in the past few years. The identification of the presence and the amount of NCD in amorphous carbon film has been a challenging issue. Although Raman spectroscopy has become a standard tool for the characterization of various carbon phases, a simple criterion(More)
By performing density functional theory calculations, we have studied the synthesis mechanism, electronic structure, and catalytic reactivity of a pyridinium-based ionic liquid, 1-ethylpyridinium trifluoroacetate ([epy](+)[CF(3)COO](-)). It is found that the synthesis of the pyridinium salt follows a S(N)2 mechanism. The electronic structural analyses show(More)
The reactions of Sc(+)((3)D) with methane, ethane, and propane in the gas phase were studied theoretically by density functional theory. The potential energy surfaces corresponding to [Sc, C(n), H(2n+2)](+) (n=1-3) were examined in detail at the B3LYP/6-311++G(3df, 3pd)//B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. The performance of this theoretical method was(More)