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The ocular albinism type I (OA1) is clinically characterized by impaired visual acuity, nystagmus, iris hypopigmentation with translucency, albinotic fundus, and macular hypoplasia together with normally pigmented skin and hair. However, it is easily misdiagnosed as congenital idiopathic nystagmus in some Chinese patients with OA1 caused by the G-protein(More)
Hemicelluloses exhibit a range of interactions with cellulose, the mechanical consequences of which in plant cell walls are incompletely understood. We report the mechanical properties of cell wall analogues based on cellulose hydrogels to elucidate the contribution of xyloglucan or arabinoxylan as examples of two hemicelluloses displaying different(More)
A multilayer film of (Pd(2+)/)10 was simply fabricated by Pd(ii) and 2-Br-2',7,7'-tri(4-pyridyl)-9,9'-spirobifluorene (, Br-tpsf) through a layer-by-layer self-assembly method. The film loaded on a quartz slide as a catalyst reservoir could gradually release high active catalytic species to promote Sonogashira, Heck and Suzuki cross-coupling reactions, with(More)
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