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Bacteria play an important role in the decomposition and cycling of a variety of compounds in freshwater aquatic environments, particularly nutrient-rich eutrophic lakes. A unique Chinese eutrophic lake--Dianchi--was selected for study because it has two separate and distinct basins, Caohai with higher organic carbon levels and Waihai with lower organic(More)
Nitrification plays a significant role in the global nitrogen cycle. Ammonia oxidation, the first step of nitrification, is performed in wastewater treatment by both ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA). Most previous studies focused on their distribution in natural environments. In this study we qualified and quantified AOB,(More)
Bioaugmented zeolite-biological aerated filters (Z-BAFs), i.e. adding isolated degrading bacteria into the BAFs with zeolite as fillings, were designed to treat coking wastewater containing high concentrations of pyridine and quinoline and to explore the bacterial community of biofilm on the zeolite surface. The investigation was carried out for 91 days of(More)
A new bacterial strain, Shinella zoogloeoides BC026, which utilizes pyridine as its sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source, was isolated from the activated sludge of a coking wastewater treatment plant. The BC026 strain completely degraded up to 1,806 mg/l of pyridine in 45.5 h. The optimum degradation conditions were pH 8.0 and temperature 30–35°C.(More)
Bioaugmentation with degrading bacteria is an effective method to improve the treatment of refractory industrial wastewater; nevertheless there were controversial opinions about the fate of inoculated bacteria and microbial community dynamics. In this study, two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors filled with modified zeolite were used to treat a coking(More)
Carbazole, one representative of non-alkaline nitrogen heterocyclic compounds, is widespread in the natural environment and harmful to human health. In this research, the seven bacterial strains using carbazole as their sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source were isolated from activated sludge of a coking wastewater treatment plant. All strains efficiently(More)
The sorption kinetics of ammonium onto three types of zeolite, natural zeolite, natural zeolite covered by biofilm and ammonium-bearing zeolite covered by biofilm, at two particle sizes were studied. The pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models were fitted to the results by a non-linear method. The batch sorption model, based on a pseudo-second(More)
Dianchi Lake is a typical Chinese eutrophic lake. The bacterial community in the polluted water of the Dianchi lakeshore was investigated by cultivation-independent approaches. The amplicon length heterogeneity polymerase-chain reaction (LH-PCR) was used to detect the major differences in bacterial structure among the nine different sampling sites. Cluster(More)
A bacterial strain using pyridine as sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source was isolated from the activated sludge of a coking wastewater treatment plant. By means of morphologic observation, physiological characteristics study and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strain was identified as the species of Paracoccus. The strain could degrade 2,614 mg l−1(More)
In the process of the biodegradation of pyridine and quinoline, ammonium is often generated because of the transformation of N from pyridine and quinoline. Zeolite has been proven to be an effective sorbent for the removal of the ammonium. The natural zeolite can be modified to be the macroporous carrier in the biological wastewater treatment process. In(More)