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Nitrification plays a significant role in the global nitrogen cycle. Ammonia oxidation, the first step of nitrification, is performed in wastewater treatment by both ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA). Most previous studies focused on their distribution in natural environments. In this study we qualified and quantified AOB,(More)
Bacteria play an important role in the decomposition and cycling of a variety of compounds in freshwater aquatic environments, particularly nutrient-rich eutrophic lakes. A unique Chinese eutrophic lake--Dianchi--was selected for study because it has two separate and distinct basins, Caohai with higher organic carbon levels and Waihai with lower organic(More)
Bioaugmented zeolite-biological aerated filters (Z-BAFs), i.e. adding isolated degrading bacteria into the BAFs with zeolite as fillings, were designed to treat coking wastewater containing high concentrations of pyridine and quinoline and to explore the bacterial community of biofilm on the zeolite surface. The investigation was carried out for 91 days of(More)
Carbazole, one representative of non-alkaline nitrogen heterocyclic compounds, is widespread in the natural environment and harmful to human health. In this research, the seven bacterial strains using carbazole as their sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source were isolated from activated sludge of a coking wastewater treatment plant. All strains efficiently(More)
The sorption kinetics of ammonium onto three types of zeolite, natural zeolite, natural zeolite covered by biofilm and ammonium-bearing zeolite covered by biofilm, at two particle sizes were studied. The pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models were fitted to the results by a non-linear method. The batch sorption model, based on a pseudo-second(More)
The denitrifier community and associated nitrate and nitrite reduction in the bioaugmented and general sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) during the treatment of coking wastewater containing pyridine and quinoline were investigated. The efficiency and stability of nitrate and nitrite reduction in SBR was considerably improved after inoculation with four(More)
A new bacterial strain, Shinella zoogloeoides BC026, which utilizes pyridine as its sole carbon, nitrogen and energy source, was isolated from the activated sludge of a coking wastewater treatment plant. The BC026 strain completely degraded up to 1,806 mg/l of pyridine in 45.5 h. The optimum degradation conditions were pH 8.0 and temperature 30–35°C.(More)
Under the increasing pressure of human activities, Hangzhou Bay has become one of the most seriously polluted waters along China’s coast. Considering the excessive inorganic nitrogen detected in the bay, in this study, the impact of an effluent from a coastal industrial park on ammonia-oxidizing microorganisms (AOMs) of the receiving area was interpreted(More)
Two pyridine-degrading bacteria and two quinoline-degrading bacteria were introduced for bioaugmentation to treat the coking wastewater. Sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were used for a comparative study on the treatment efficiency of pyridine, quinoline, and chemical oxygen demand. Results showed that the treatment efficiency with coking-activated sludge(More)
A helical filamentous cyanobactericidal bacterium was isolated from Dianchi Lake, a eutrophic freshwater lake in Kunming City of the Yunnan Province in China using a special solid medium. This species was designated strain PdY3. This bacterium was identified as a novel Saprospira sp. on the basis of its morphological characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence.(More)